A full exploitation of the unique features of graphene and related 2D materials in micro and nano-scaled optoelectronic devices for high-data rate photonic systems calls for a deep understanding of their fundamental structural, electronic, photophysical properties and fast dynamics. We introduce some advanced spectroscopic techniques developed to this aim, while reviewing their specific potentialities and highlighting recent results. To provide absolute local nanoscale thickness metrology of as-grown 2D materials, Scanning Auger Electron Microspectroscopy has been calibrated. Results obtained for graphene and graphene oxide (GO) are reported, showing sub-monolayer resolution. Ultrafast optical transient absorption spectroscopy, with temporal resolution down to 10fs, unveils the relaxation dynamics of hot electrons in single layer graphene and the formation and radiative recombination via stimulated emission of biexcitons in ultra-narrow, structurally well-defined nanoribbons (GNRs). By recently developed ultrafast Time- and Angle-resolved Photo-Electron Spectroscopy (TR-ARPES) we investigate electronic states and spin dynamics close to the Dirac cone, in graphene and metal chalcogenide topological insulators (TI) under fs strong laser excitation, in view of spintronic applications.

Advanced Spectroscopies of Graphene and 2D Materials

PIETRALUNGA, SILVIA MARIA;MANZONI, CRISTIAN;CARPENE, ETTORE;BUGINI, DAVIDE;DAL CONTE, STEFANO;HEDAYAT ZADEH ROODSARI, HAMOON;SOAVI, GIANCARLO;VAHID DASTJERDI, MOHAMMAD JAVAD;VIRGILI, TERSILLA;ZANI, MAURIZIO;DALLERA, CLAUDIA;SORDAN, ROMAN;TAGLIAFERRI, ALBERTO;CERULLO, GIULIO NICOLA
2016

Abstract

A full exploitation of the unique features of graphene and related 2D materials in micro and nano-scaled optoelectronic devices for high-data rate photonic systems calls for a deep understanding of their fundamental structural, electronic, photophysical properties and fast dynamics. We introduce some advanced spectroscopic techniques developed to this aim, while reviewing their specific potentialities and highlighting recent results. To provide absolute local nanoscale thickness metrology of as-grown 2D materials, Scanning Auger Electron Microspectroscopy has been calibrated. Results obtained for graphene and graphene oxide (GO) are reported, showing sub-monolayer resolution. Ultrafast optical transient absorption spectroscopy, with temporal resolution down to 10fs, unveils the relaxation dynamics of hot electrons in single layer graphene and the formation and radiative recombination via stimulated emission of biexcitons in ultra-narrow, structurally well-defined nanoribbons (GNRs). By recently developed ultrafast Time- and Angle-resolved Photo-Electron Spectroscopy (TR-ARPES) we investigate electronic states and spin dynamics close to the Dirac cone, in graphene and metal chalcogenide topological insulators (TI) under fs strong laser excitation, in view of spintronic applications.
ICTON 2016
978-1-5090-1467-5
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/996247
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