Graphdiynes (GDYs) as two-dimensional carbon structures based on sp2 hybridized aromatic rings connected by sp-hybridized acetylenic linear links are gathering an increasing popularity, both for their peculiar properties and for the promising applications. In these materials, structural features affect the degree of π-electron conjugation resulting in different electronic and vibrational properties. Indeed, how topology, connectivity between sp and sp2 domains and system size are related with the final properties is fundamental to understand structure-property relationships and to tailor the properties by proper structure design. By using a computational approach based on density functional theory calculations, we here investigate structure-property relations in a class of 1D and 2D GDY molecular fragments as building block models of extended structures. By analysing how the structure can modulate the π-electron conjugation in these systems, HOMO-LUMO gap is found to depend on the peculiar topology and connections between linear sp domains and aromatic units. A topological indicator is computed, showing a trend with the gap and with the frequency of the main vibrational mode occurring in Raman spectra. Our findings can contribute to guide the molecular design of new GDY-based sp-sp2 carbon materials, aiming at tuning their properties by precise control of the structure.

Topology-dependent conjugation effects in graphdiyne molecular fragments

Serafini P.;Milani A.;Tommasini M.;Bottani C. E.;Casari C. S.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Graphdiynes (GDYs) as two-dimensional carbon structures based on sp2 hybridized aromatic rings connected by sp-hybridized acetylenic linear links are gathering an increasing popularity, both for their peculiar properties and for the promising applications. In these materials, structural features affect the degree of π-electron conjugation resulting in different electronic and vibrational properties. Indeed, how topology, connectivity between sp and sp2 domains and system size are related with the final properties is fundamental to understand structure-property relationships and to tailor the properties by proper structure design. By using a computational approach based on density functional theory calculations, we here investigate structure-property relations in a class of 1D and 2D GDY molecular fragments as building block models of extended structures. By analysing how the structure can modulate the π-electron conjugation in these systems, HOMO-LUMO gap is found to depend on the peculiar topology and connections between linear sp domains and aromatic units. A topological indicator is computed, showing a trend with the gap and with the frequency of the main vibrational mode occurring in Raman spectra. Our findings can contribute to guide the molecular design of new GDY-based sp-sp2 carbon materials, aiming at tuning their properties by precise control of the structure.
2021
Aromaticity
Density functional theory
Electronic properties
Graphdiyne
Raman spectroscopy
Sp-sp2
Carbon
carbon-based materials
Scientific Research
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1181629
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