This work introduces an accurate linearized model and phase noise spectral analysis of digital bang-bang PLLs, that includes both the reference and the digitally-controlled oscillator (DCO) noise contributions. A time-domain analysis of bang-bang PLLs is leveraged to derive closed-form expressions for the integrated jitter, leading to a precise estimation of the binary phase detector (BPD) equivalent gain. The theoretical predictions differ by less than 1% from the simulation results obtained using a behavioral model, in all typical cases: dominant reference noise, dominant DCO noise, and comparable contributions. An accurate discrete-time model that takes into account the time-variant effect arising from the multirate nature of a digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) is used, along with the provided estimation of the jitter, to predict the output and input-referred phase noise spectra. An excellent match with the simulated spectra is achieved for all the different operating conditions.

A Comprehensive Phase Noise Analysis of Bang-Bang Digital PLLs

Mercandelli M.;Levantino S.;Samori C.
2021

Abstract

This work introduces an accurate linearized model and phase noise spectral analysis of digital bang-bang PLLs, that includes both the reference and the digitally-controlled oscillator (DCO) noise contributions. A time-domain analysis of bang-bang PLLs is leveraged to derive closed-form expressions for the integrated jitter, leading to a precise estimation of the binary phase detector (BPD) equivalent gain. The theoretical predictions differ by less than 1% from the simulation results obtained using a behavioral model, in all typical cases: dominant reference noise, dominant DCO noise, and comparable contributions. An accurate discrete-time model that takes into account the time-variant effect arising from the multirate nature of a digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) is used, along with the provided estimation of the jitter, to predict the output and input-referred phase noise spectra. An excellent match with the simulated spectra is achieved for all the different operating conditions.
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS. I, REGULAR PAPERS
Analytical models
bang-bang
Digital phase-locked loops
Jitter
Mathematical model
Phase locked loops
phase noise
Phase noise
Quantization (signal)
quantization error
Time-domain analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1172911
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