Enabling humans and robots to safely work close to each other deserves careful consideration. With the publication of ISO/TS 15066 directives on this matter, two different strategies, namely the Speed and Separation Monitoring and the Power and Force Limiting, have been proposed. This letter proposes a method to efficiently combine the two aforementioned safety strategies for collaborative robotics operations. By exploiting the combination of the two, it is then possible to achieve higher levels of productivity, while still preserving safety of the human operators. This is achieved by the optimal scaling of the initially prescribed velocity, while preserving the path consistency of the robot trajectory. In a nutshell, the state of motion of each point of the robot is monitored so that at every time instant the robot is able to modulate its speed to eventually come into contact with a body region of the human, consistently with the corresponding biomechanical limit. Validation experiments have been conducted to establish that the proposed method enables substantially less stringent limits on robot performance while still allowing for the safety limits prescribed by ISO directives.

Combining speed and separation monitoring with power and force limiting for safe collaborative robotics applications

Lucci N.;Zanchettin A. M.;Rocco P.
2020

Abstract

Enabling humans and robots to safely work close to each other deserves careful consideration. With the publication of ISO/TS 15066 directives on this matter, two different strategies, namely the Speed and Separation Monitoring and the Power and Force Limiting, have been proposed. This letter proposes a method to efficiently combine the two aforementioned safety strategies for collaborative robotics operations. By exploiting the combination of the two, it is then possible to achieve higher levels of productivity, while still preserving safety of the human operators. This is achieved by the optimal scaling of the initially prescribed velocity, while preserving the path consistency of the robot trajectory. In a nutshell, the state of motion of each point of the robot is monitored so that at every time instant the robot is able to modulate its speed to eventually come into contact with a body region of the human, consistently with the corresponding biomechanical limit. Validation experiments have been conducted to establish that the proposed method enables substantially less stringent limits on robot performance while still allowing for the safety limits prescribed by ISO directives.
Safety
Robot sensing systems
Monitoring
Service robots
Collaboration
Productivity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1146403
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