To develop and evaluate a hybrid robotic system for arm recovery after stroke, combining EMG-triggered Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) with a passive exoskeleton for upper limb suspension. Methods: The system was used in a structured exercise program resembling activities of daily life. Exercises execution was continuously controlled using angle sensor data and Radio-Frequency IDentification (RFID) technology. The training program consisted of 27 sessions lasting 30 minutes each. Seven post-acute stroke patients were recruited from two clinical sites. The efficacy of the system was evaluated in terms of Action Research Arm Test, Motricity Index, Motor Activity Log, and Box & Blocks tests. Furthermore, kinematicsbased and EMG-based outcome measures were derived directly from data collected during training sessions. Results: All patients showed an improvement of motor functions at the end of the training program. After training, the exercises were in most cases executed faster, smoother and with an increased range of motion. Subjects were able to trigger FES, but in some cases, they did not maintain the voluntary effort during task execution. All subjects but one considered the system usable. Conclusion: The preliminary results showed that the system can be used in a clinical environment with positive effects on arm functional recovery. However, only the final results of the currently ongoing clinical trial will unveil the system full potential. Significance: The presented hybrid robotic system is highly customizable, allows to monitor the daily performance, requires low supervision of the therapist and might have the potential to enhance arm recovery after

A Hybrid Robotic System for Arm Training of Stroke Survivors: Concept and First Evaluation

Ambrosini, Emilia;Ferrante, Simona;Ferrigno, Giancarlo;Dalla Gasperina, Stefano;Baccinelli, Walter;Puchinger, Markus;KRAKOW, KARSTEN ELMAR;Pedrocchi, Alessandra
2019

Abstract

To develop and evaluate a hybrid robotic system for arm recovery after stroke, combining EMG-triggered Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) with a passive exoskeleton for upper limb suspension. Methods: The system was used in a structured exercise program resembling activities of daily life. Exercises execution was continuously controlled using angle sensor data and Radio-Frequency IDentification (RFID) technology. The training program consisted of 27 sessions lasting 30 minutes each. Seven post-acute stroke patients were recruited from two clinical sites. The efficacy of the system was evaluated in terms of Action Research Arm Test, Motricity Index, Motor Activity Log, and Box & Blocks tests. Furthermore, kinematicsbased and EMG-based outcome measures were derived directly from data collected during training sessions. Results: All patients showed an improvement of motor functions at the end of the training program. After training, the exercises were in most cases executed faster, smoother and with an increased range of motion. Subjects were able to trigger FES, but in some cases, they did not maintain the voluntary effort during task execution. All subjects but one considered the system usable. Conclusion: The preliminary results showed that the system can be used in a clinical environment with positive effects on arm functional recovery. However, only the final results of the currently ongoing clinical trial will unveil the system full potential. Significance: The presented hybrid robotic system is highly customizable, allows to monitor the daily performance, requires low supervision of the therapist and might have the potential to enhance arm recovery after
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1098340
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