A driver's behavior and their psychophysical state are the most common causes of road accidents. The research presented in the paper proposes a method that allows the identification of highly dangerous road stretches/intersections in advance, based on the localization of stressful/relaxing situations measured on drivers. These were measured through the collection of physiological parameters using wearable devices. A correlation between stressful/relaxing situations and locations with high accident rates, based on a historical statistical database (black spots), was investigated. A series of driving tests was conducted in the city of Milan. The first set was mostly oriented to the research and validation of the parameters related to the driver's psychophysical state. Subsequent tests allowed the definition of a correlation between black spots and relaxing/stressful areas. The results showed that the most stressful areas for drivers fell mainly within those with high accident rates. Furthermore, 80% of the most dangerous zones of the route were identified using this method, thus confirming the validity of the approach as a support tool for a priori preventive analysis for road safety. The wearable devices allowed the study and the integration of specific elements relating to human behavior in the field of road safety, which typically involves a technical-engineering approach.

Analysis of the Relationship between Road Accidents and Psychophysical State of Drivers through Wearable Devices

Studer, Luca;Paglino, Valeria;Gandini, Paolo;STELITANO, ANDREA;TRIBOLI, ULDERICO MICHELE ALBERTO;GALLO, FEDERICA;Andreoni, Giuseppe
2018-01-01

Abstract

A driver's behavior and their psychophysical state are the most common causes of road accidents. The research presented in the paper proposes a method that allows the identification of highly dangerous road stretches/intersections in advance, based on the localization of stressful/relaxing situations measured on drivers. These were measured through the collection of physiological parameters using wearable devices. A correlation between stressful/relaxing situations and locations with high accident rates, based on a historical statistical database (black spots), was investigated. A series of driving tests was conducted in the city of Milan. The first set was mostly oriented to the research and validation of the parameters related to the driver's psychophysical state. Subsequent tests allowed the definition of a correlation between black spots and relaxing/stressful areas. The results showed that the most stressful areas for drivers fell mainly within those with high accident rates. Furthermore, 80% of the most dangerous zones of the route were identified using this method, thus confirming the validity of the approach as a support tool for a priori preventive analysis for road safety. The wearable devices allowed the study and the integration of specific elements relating to human behavior in the field of road safety, which typically involves a technical-engineering approach.
2018
Accidents; Driver behavior; Driving test; Galvanic skin response (GSR); Heart rate variability (HRV); Risk; Road safety; Wearable devices; Materials Science (all); Instrumentation; Engineering (all); Process Chemistry and Technology; Computer Science Applications1707 Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition; Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1082118
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