One description provides only probabilities for obtaining various eigenvalues of a quantum variable. The eigenvalues and the corresponding probabilities specify the expectation value of a physical observable, which is known to be a statistical property of an ensemble of quantum systems. In contrast to this paradigm, here we demonstrate a method for measuring the expectation value of a physical variable on a single particle, namely, the polarization of a single protected photon. This realization of quantum protective measurements could find applications in the foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum-enhanced measurements.

Determining the quantum expectation value by measuring a single photon

Lussana, Rudi;Villa, Federica;Tosi, Alberto;
2017

Abstract

One description provides only probabilities for obtaining various eigenvalues of a quantum variable. The eigenvalues and the corresponding probabilities specify the expectation value of a physical observable, which is known to be a statistical property of an ensemble of quantum systems. In contrast to this paradigm, here we demonstrate a method for measuring the expectation value of a physical variable on a single particle, namely, the polarization of a single protected photon. This realization of quantum protective measurements could find applications in the foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum-enhanced measurements.
PROTECTIVE MEASUREMENTS; WAVE-FUNCTION; PARTICLE; DYNAMICS; REALITY
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1039370
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