We characterized the single-photon timing response function of various silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) over a broad (500-1100 nm) spectral range. We selected two SiPM manufacturers, and we investigated two active areas, i.e., a small (1-1.69 mm2 and a large (9 mm2) one, for each of them. We demonstrate that selected SiPMs are suitable for time-resolved diffuse optics (DO) applications where a very large detection area and sensitivity down to single photons are crucial to detecting the very faint return signal from biological tissues, like the brain, thus allowing replacement of photomultiplier tubes and opening the way to a novel generation of DO multichannel instrumentation. Due to our custom front-end electronics, we show the world's best single-photon timing resolution for SiPMs, namely, 57-ps full-width at half maximum for Hamamatsu 1.69 mm2 and 115 ps for Excelitas 9 mm2. Even further, we provide a thorough spectral investigation of the full single-photon timing response function, also detailing diffusion tails' time constants and dynamic range. The achieved insight and the reported performance open the way to a widespread diffusion of SiPMs not just in many-photon regimes (e.g., PET) but at single-photon counting regimes like DO as well.

Spectrally Resolved Single-Photon Timing of Silicon Photomultipliers for Time-Domain Diffuse Spectroscopy

MARTINENGHI, EDOARDO;DALLA MORA, ALBERTO;CONTINI, DAVIDE;FARINA, ANDREA;VILLA, FEDERICA ALBERTA;TORRICELLI, ALESSANDRO;PIFFERI, ANTONIO GIOVANNI
2015

Abstract

We characterized the single-photon timing response function of various silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) over a broad (500-1100 nm) spectral range. We selected two SiPM manufacturers, and we investigated two active areas, i.e., a small (1-1.69 mm2 and a large (9 mm2) one, for each of them. We demonstrate that selected SiPMs are suitable for time-resolved diffuse optics (DO) applications where a very large detection area and sensitivity down to single photons are crucial to detecting the very faint return signal from biological tissues, like the brain, thus allowing replacement of photomultiplier tubes and opening the way to a novel generation of DO multichannel instrumentation. Due to our custom front-end electronics, we show the world's best single-photon timing resolution for SiPMs, namely, 57-ps full-width at half maximum for Hamamatsu 1.69 mm2 and 115 ps for Excelitas 9 mm2. Even further, we provide a thorough spectral investigation of the full single-photon timing response function, also detailing diffusion tails' time constants and dynamic range. The achieved insight and the reported performance open the way to a widespread diffusion of SiPMs not just in many-photon regimes (e.g., PET) but at single-photon counting regimes like DO as well.
Photodetectors, photon counting, photon timing, silicon photomultiplier (SiPM), single-photon detectors, timing resolution, sezele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/972407
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