This paper deals with an alternative approach to calculate the performance of a Pelton turbine. The discussion begins with an overview on the statement of the Newton’s second law for variable mass systems. Then the integral form of the Navier-Stokes equation is presented as a special case, useful to evaluate the force exerted by the water jet on the turbine buckets. Although the traditional approach based on the angular momentum theorem is more straightforward, the proposed method allows evaluation of the different contributions to the motive force by a suitable choice of control volumes. This in turn makes for a better understanding of factors that penalize overall performance when the ideal assumptions under which the theory is usually developed are no longer verified.

Application of the dynamics of variable mass systems to the Pelton turbine

MANTEGNA, MICHELE;COLOMBO, LUIGI PIETRO MARIA
2014

Abstract

This paper deals with an alternative approach to calculate the performance of a Pelton turbine. The discussion begins with an overview on the statement of the Newton’s second law for variable mass systems. Then the integral form of the Navier-Stokes equation is presented as a special case, useful to evaluate the force exerted by the water jet on the turbine buckets. Although the traditional approach based on the angular momentum theorem is more straightforward, the proposed method allows evaluation of the different contributions to the motive force by a suitable choice of control volumes. This in turn makes for a better understanding of factors that penalize overall performance when the ideal assumptions under which the theory is usually developed are no longer verified.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/843325
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