Classical techniques for register allocation and binding require the definition of the program execution order, since a partial ordering relation between operations must be induced to perform liveness analysis through data-flow equations. In High Level Synthesis (HLS) flows this is commonly obtained through the scheduling task. However for some HLS approaches, such a relation can be difficult to be computed, or not statically computable at all, and adopting conventional register binding techniques, even when feasible, cannot guarantee maximum performances. To overcome these issues we introduce a novel scheduling-independent liveness analysis methodology, suitable for dynamic scheduling architectures. Such liveness analysis is exploited in register binding using standard graph coloring techniques, and unlike other approaches it avoids the insertion of structural dependencies, introduced to prevent run-time resource conflicts in dynamic scheduling environments. The absence of additional dependencies avoids performance degradation and makes parallelism exploitation independent from the register binding task, while on average not impacting on area, as shown through the experimental results.

Scheduling independent liveness analysis for register binding in high level synthesis

CASTELLANA, VITO GIOVANNI;FERRANDI, FABRIZIO
2013

Abstract

Classical techniques for register allocation and binding require the definition of the program execution order, since a partial ordering relation between operations must be induced to perform liveness analysis through data-flow equations. In High Level Synthesis (HLS) flows this is commonly obtained through the scheduling task. However for some HLS approaches, such a relation can be difficult to be computed, or not statically computable at all, and adopting conventional register binding techniques, even when feasible, cannot guarantee maximum performances. To overcome these issues we introduce a novel scheduling-independent liveness analysis methodology, suitable for dynamic scheduling architectures. Such liveness analysis is exploited in register binding using standard graph coloring techniques, and unlike other approaches it avoids the insertion of structural dependencies, introduced to prevent run-time resource conflicts in dynamic scheduling environments. The absence of additional dependencies avoids performance degradation and makes parallelism exploitation independent from the register binding task, while on average not impacting on area, as shown through the experimental results.
Proceedings DATE 2013
9781450321532
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/768465
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