The results presented in this paper demonstrate that the stereochemical outcome of the reversible additions of lithium (R)-methyl p-tolyl sulfoxide to N-arylidene-p-anisidines (N-PMP imines) is a function of a) the reaction conditions used and b) the electronic properties of the arylidene moiety on the starting imine. High kinetically controlled (2S,RS) diastereoselectivity (−70 °C) was achieved for additions of imines bearing relatively electron-rich N-arylidene groups, while an electron-deficient nature of this group was found to favor the opposite stereochemical outcome. On the other hand, the reactions run under thermodynamically controlled conditions (0 °C) afforded equimolar mixtures of the diastereomeric products regardless of the pattern of substitution on the starting imines. Enantiopure α-arylglycinols were readily synthesized by “non-oxidative” Pummerer rearrangement of diastereomerically pure β-aryl-β-N-(acyl)aminoalkyl sulfoxides, prepared from the corresponding N-PMP derivatives.

Asymmetric synthesis of alpha-arylglycinols viaadditions of lithium methyl p-tolyl sulfoxide to N-(PMP)arylaldimines followed by "non oxidative" Pummererreaction

BRAVO, PIERFRANCESCO;MEILLE, STEFANO VALDO;ZANDA, MATTEO
1999-01-01

Abstract

The results presented in this paper demonstrate that the stereochemical outcome of the reversible additions of lithium (R)-methyl p-tolyl sulfoxide to N-arylidene-p-anisidines (N-PMP imines) is a function of a) the reaction conditions used and b) the electronic properties of the arylidene moiety on the starting imine. High kinetically controlled (2S,RS) diastereoselectivity (−70 °C) was achieved for additions of imines bearing relatively electron-rich N-arylidene groups, while an electron-deficient nature of this group was found to favor the opposite stereochemical outcome. On the other hand, the reactions run under thermodynamically controlled conditions (0 °C) afforded equimolar mixtures of the diastereomeric products regardless of the pattern of substitution on the starting imines. Enantiopure α-arylglycinols were readily synthesized by “non-oxidative” Pummerer rearrangement of diastereomerically pure β-aryl-β-N-(acyl)aminoalkyl sulfoxides, prepared from the corresponding N-PMP derivatives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/659947
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