Several relevant geotechnical works, such as railway and road embankments, offshore foundations and vibrating machine foundations, are affected by the progressive accumulation of irreversible settlements. These latter represent the acroscopic evidence of the progressive rearrangement of particles under cycling loading, which is commonly referred to, in the literature, as ratcheting. This phenomenon is well known, but it is quite difficult to describe it by means of an appropriate constitutive model. As a consequence, the evaluation of durability of the aforementioned structures remains an open problem. In this article, the phenomenon will be approached by employing a Distinct Element model capable of describing the evolution of the microstructure induced by cyclic mechanical perturbations. Several analyses are performed in order to stress the influence of both the stress level and loading history on the mechanical response of a numerical model of a sand specimen. The numerical analyses are intended to provide an experimental background for conceiving a simplified macro approach based on generalised plasticity theory. In particular by means of probe test the plastic potential and the hardening parameters will be defined as a function of the current stress state and loading history.

Discrete numerical investigation of the ratcheting phenomenonin granular materials

CALVETTI, FRANCESCO;DI PRISCO, CLAUDIO GIULIO
2010

Abstract

Several relevant geotechnical works, such as railway and road embankments, offshore foundations and vibrating machine foundations, are affected by the progressive accumulation of irreversible settlements. These latter represent the acroscopic evidence of the progressive rearrangement of particles under cycling loading, which is commonly referred to, in the literature, as ratcheting. This phenomenon is well known, but it is quite difficult to describe it by means of an appropriate constitutive model. As a consequence, the evaluation of durability of the aforementioned structures remains an open problem. In this article, the phenomenon will be approached by employing a Distinct Element model capable of describing the evolution of the microstructure induced by cyclic mechanical perturbations. Several analyses are performed in order to stress the influence of both the stress level and loading history on the mechanical response of a numerical model of a sand specimen. The numerical analyses are intended to provide an experimental background for conceiving a simplified macro approach based on generalised plasticity theory. In particular by means of probe test the plastic potential and the hardening parameters will be defined as a function of the current stress state and loading history.
COMPTES RENDUS MECANIQUE
ratcheting; distinct element methods; numerical analysis; granular matters
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/575440
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