The earthquake prediction is here simply defined and calculated through the conditional probability of occurrence depending on the elapsed time t0 since the last earthquake. Short-term and medium-term predictions are performed for all the Italian seismic zones on the basis of datasets built in the context of the National Projects INGV-DPC 2004–2006, in the frame of which this research was developed. The mathematical model of interoccurrence times (mixture of exponential and Weibull distributions) is justified in its analytical structure. A dimensionless procedure is used in order to reduce the number of parameters and to make comparisons easier. Three different procedures are taken into consideration for the estimation of the J Seismol parameter values; in most of the cases, they give comparable results. The degree of credibility of the proposed methods is evaluated. Their robustness as well as their sensitivity are discussed. The comparison of the probability of occurrence of a Maw >5.3 event in the next 5 and 30 years from January 1, 2003, conditional to the time elapsed since the last event, shows that the relative ranking of impending rupture in 5 years is roughly maintained in a 30-year perspective with higher probabilities and large fluctuations between sources belonging to the same macro region.

Renewal models for earthquake predictability

GARAVAGLIA, ELSA;GUAGENTI, ELISA;PAVANI, RAFFAELLA;PETRINI, LORENZA
2010

Abstract

The earthquake prediction is here simply defined and calculated through the conditional probability of occurrence depending on the elapsed time t0 since the last earthquake. Short-term and medium-term predictions are performed for all the Italian seismic zones on the basis of datasets built in the context of the National Projects INGV-DPC 2004–2006, in the frame of which this research was developed. The mathematical model of interoccurrence times (mixture of exponential and Weibull distributions) is justified in its analytical structure. A dimensionless procedure is used in order to reduce the number of parameters and to make comparisons easier. Three different procedures are taken into consideration for the estimation of the J Seismol parameter values; in most of the cases, they give comparable results. The degree of credibility of the proposed methods is evaluated. Their robustness as well as their sensitivity are discussed. The comparison of the probability of occurrence of a Maw >5.3 event in the next 5 and 30 years from January 1, 2003, conditional to the time elapsed since the last event, shows that the relative ranking of impending rupture in 5 years is roughly maintained in a 30-year perspective with higher probabilities and large fluctuations between sources belonging to the same macro region.
Renewal process · Hazard rate; Earthquake predictability; Credibility and robustness of the model; Italy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/571014
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