High molecular mass and high regioregularity favor the more common polymorph (form I) of poly(3-alkylthiophenes) and substantially extend toward high temperatures the existence domain of the 2D mesomorphic phase, which these systems access above 70−80 °C. Morphological observations indicate that in thin films of form I the planar polythiophene main chains lie roughly edge-on parallel to the film surface, while side chains are approximately orthogonal to the substrate. Evidence relative to the second polymorph (form II), easily obtained with low-molecular-mass material, indicates that side-chain interdigitation is unlikely in this modification, just as in form I. Diffraction patterns in which the two crystalline phases coexist show that the longer axis directions in the two forms are approximately orthogonal, suggesting differences in the crystallization process. Very low-molecular-weight systems tend to crystallize preferentially in form II and give rise to a mesophase characterized by very low degrees of order, probably monodimensional. High regioregularity of the samples appears to affect both the intramolecular order and the packing.

Influence of Molecular Weight and Regioregularity on the Polymorphic Behavior of Poly(3-Decylthiophenes).

MEILLE, STEFANO VALDO;
1997

Abstract

High molecular mass and high regioregularity favor the more common polymorph (form I) of poly(3-alkylthiophenes) and substantially extend toward high temperatures the existence domain of the 2D mesomorphic phase, which these systems access above 70−80 °C. Morphological observations indicate that in thin films of form I the planar polythiophene main chains lie roughly edge-on parallel to the film surface, while side chains are approximately orthogonal to the substrate. Evidence relative to the second polymorph (form II), easily obtained with low-molecular-mass material, indicates that side-chain interdigitation is unlikely in this modification, just as in form I. Diffraction patterns in which the two crystalline phases coexist show that the longer axis directions in the two forms are approximately orthogonal, suggesting differences in the crystallization process. Very low-molecular-weight systems tend to crystallize preferentially in form II and give rise to a mesophase characterized by very low degrees of order, probably monodimensional. High regioregularity of the samples appears to affect both the intramolecular order and the packing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/529924
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