The electrochemical behavior and the reversible hydrogen storage capacity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) have been investigated both in alkaline (6 M KOH) and acid (0.3 M H2SO4) electrolytic solutions by cyclic voltammetry and constant current charge/discharge measurements. Different purification treatments were performed on as-prepared MWNTs to improve hydrogen uptake. About 0.1 wt % of hydrogen was reversibly stored in MWNTs after nitric acid treatment. Vacuum annealing (950°C, 1 h) of MWNTs lowered the electrochemical hydrogen uptake. Finally, electrochemical oxidation of MWNTs at high potentials allowed an increase in hydrogen charge capacity to 0.3 wt %.

Electrochemical characterization of carbon nanotubes for hydrogen storage

BESTETTI, MASSIMILIANO;CAVALLOTTI, PIETRO LUIGI;DUCATI, UMBERTO;LOMBARDI, ILARIA;MAZZOCCHIA, CARLO VITTORIO
2004

Abstract

The electrochemical behavior and the reversible hydrogen storage capacity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) have been investigated both in alkaline (6 M KOH) and acid (0.3 M H2SO4) electrolytic solutions by cyclic voltammetry and constant current charge/discharge measurements. Different purification treatments were performed on as-prepared MWNTs to improve hydrogen uptake. About 0.1 wt % of hydrogen was reversibly stored in MWNTs after nitric acid treatment. Vacuum annealing (950°C, 1 h) of MWNTs lowered the electrochemical hydrogen uptake. Finally, electrochemical oxidation of MWNTs at high potentials allowed an increase in hydrogen charge capacity to 0.3 wt %.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/271315
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