The working fluid thermal stability is one of the crucial features of an effective organic Rankine cycle. Hexamethyldisiloxane (MM -C6H18OSi2) and octamethyltrisiloxane (MDM -C8H24O2Si3) are siloxane fluids currently exploited in high temperature organic Rankine cycles. However, data about their thermal stability are scarce or absent in literature. This manuscript presents a study of their behavior and decomposition at operating temperatures in the range 270 - 420 degrees C. The assessment of thermal stability can be performed with several methods, which are either based on pressure anomalous variation in isothermal stresses or on the deviation of the saturation curves experimentally obtained before and after the fluid is thermally stressed. An enhanced method is proposed here, based on chemical analysis of both vapor and liquid phases of the sample before and after it is subjected to thermal stress. A comparison of the pre-and post-stress vapor-liquid equilibrium curve complements the analysis. Results proved a higher stability for MM than for MDM. Moreover, due to the current interest in applying mixtures in organic Rankine cycles, an equimolar mixture of MM and MDM was also tested, which exhibit a behavior that appears to be different from the simple superimposition of pure fluid ones.

Thermal stability of linear siloxanes and their mixtures

Gallarini S.;Spinelli A.;Lietti L.;Guardone A.
2023-01-01

Abstract

The working fluid thermal stability is one of the crucial features of an effective organic Rankine cycle. Hexamethyldisiloxane (MM -C6H18OSi2) and octamethyltrisiloxane (MDM -C8H24O2Si3) are siloxane fluids currently exploited in high temperature organic Rankine cycles. However, data about their thermal stability are scarce or absent in literature. This manuscript presents a study of their behavior and decomposition at operating temperatures in the range 270 - 420 degrees C. The assessment of thermal stability can be performed with several methods, which are either based on pressure anomalous variation in isothermal stresses or on the deviation of the saturation curves experimentally obtained before and after the fluid is thermally stressed. An enhanced method is proposed here, based on chemical analysis of both vapor and liquid phases of the sample before and after it is subjected to thermal stress. A comparison of the pre-and post-stress vapor-liquid equilibrium curve complements the analysis. Results proved a higher stability for MM than for MDM. Moreover, due to the current interest in applying mixtures in organic Rankine cycles, an equimolar mixture of MM and MDM was also tested, which exhibit a behavior that appears to be different from the simple superimposition of pure fluid ones.
2023
Organic Rankine cycle
Thermal stability
Siloxane
Mixtures
Working fluids
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1252518
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