Laser beams can be manipulated to achieve different types of interaction mechanisms with metals allowing them to heat, melt, vaporize, or ablate them. Today's laser sources are robust, fast-addressable optoelectronic devices, easily integrated into automation systems along with sophisticated CAD/CAM solutions. Being a photonic digital tool, the laser beam is a fundamental tool for Industry 4.0 and is already widely exploited in the manufacturing of metallic stents. The conventional manufacturing method of laser cutting employs a subtractive method to cut the stent mesh on tubular feedstock. On the other hand, laser beams can be exploited to melt metallic powders to produce stent geometries in a layer-by-layer fashion. The present work provides a short state of the art review concerning the works focusing on the two laser-based manufacturing processes underlining the evolution of the laser source types and used materials. The work provides insights into the future opportunities and challenges that should be faced by the manufacturing research communities in the light of improving the biomedical device performance by exploiting the possibilities provided by the digital tool.

Lasers in the manufacturing of cardiovascular metallic stents: Subtractive and additive processes with a digital tool

Demir, Ali Gokhan;Previtali, Barbara
2023-01-01

Abstract

Laser beams can be manipulated to achieve different types of interaction mechanisms with metals allowing them to heat, melt, vaporize, or ablate them. Today's laser sources are robust, fast-addressable optoelectronic devices, easily integrated into automation systems along with sophisticated CAD/CAM solutions. Being a photonic digital tool, the laser beam is a fundamental tool for Industry 4.0 and is already widely exploited in the manufacturing of metallic stents. The conventional manufacturing method of laser cutting employs a subtractive method to cut the stent mesh on tubular feedstock. On the other hand, laser beams can be exploited to melt metallic powders to produce stent geometries in a layer-by-layer fashion. The present work provides a short state of the art review concerning the works focusing on the two laser-based manufacturing processes underlining the evolution of the laser source types and used materials. The work provides insights into the future opportunities and challenges that should be faced by the manufacturing research communities in the light of improving the biomedical device performance by exploiting the possibilities provided by the digital tool.
2023
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing
Laser cutting, laser powder bed fusion, laser microprocessing; pulsed lasers, biomedical device
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1232915
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