: We propose a mathematical and numerical model for the simulation of the heart function that couples cardiac electrophysiology, active and passive mechanics and hemodynamics, and includes reduced models for cardiac valves and the circulatory system. Our model accounts for the major feedback effects among the different processes that characterize the heart function, including electro-mechanical and mechano-electrical feedback as well as force-strain and force-velocity relationships. Moreover, it provides a three-dimensional representation of both the cardiac muscle and the hemodynamics, coupled in a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model. By leveraging the multiphysics nature of the problem, we discretize it in time with a segregated electrophysiology-force generation-FSI approach, allowing for efficiency and flexibility in the numerical solution. We employ a monolithic approach for the numerical discretization of the FSI problem. We use finite elements for the spatial discretization of partial differential equations. We carry out a numerical simulation on a realistic human left heart model, obtaining results that are qualitatively and quantitatively in agreement with physiological ranges and medical images.

A mathematical model that integrates cardiac electrophysiology, mechanics, and fluid dynamics: Application to the human left heart

Bucelli, Michele;Zingaro, Alberto;Africa, Pasquale Claudio;Fumagalli, Ivan;Dede', Luca;Quarteroni, Alfio
2023-01-01

Abstract

: We propose a mathematical and numerical model for the simulation of the heart function that couples cardiac electrophysiology, active and passive mechanics and hemodynamics, and includes reduced models for cardiac valves and the circulatory system. Our model accounts for the major feedback effects among the different processes that characterize the heart function, including electro-mechanical and mechano-electrical feedback as well as force-strain and force-velocity relationships. Moreover, it provides a three-dimensional representation of both the cardiac muscle and the hemodynamics, coupled in a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model. By leveraging the multiphysics nature of the problem, we discretize it in time with a segregated electrophysiology-force generation-FSI approach, allowing for efficiency and flexibility in the numerical solution. We employ a monolithic approach for the numerical discretization of the FSI problem. We use finite elements for the spatial discretization of partial differential equations. We carry out a numerical simulation on a realistic human left heart model, obtaining results that are qualitatively and quantitatively in agreement with physiological ranges and medical images.
2023
blood circulation
cardiac modeling
electromechanics
fluid-structure interaction
multiphysics modeling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1231692
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