In the attempt to respond as widely as possible to the housing demand through high-quality low-cost solutions and in a short timeframe, social housing has been characterized, since its beginnings in Italy, by an experimental approach quite different from the more conventional of private housing. It is a story that can be told through famous examples in the history of architecture, but also by isolated or forgotten cases, proving that a very wide and articulated baggage of experimentation, research and studies did not result into a critical evaluation and in the consequent development of intervention models and approaches. This contribution aims at investigating these lesser known ‘stories’ with particular interest in the hard and soft components of the technological dimension, in its integration with the typological concept, framing them in the respective socio-economic and cultural context, highlighting the missed opportunities and, where present, the endogenous and self-referential aspects of the applied innovation, which led to its failure. In particular, with the purpose of determining a geographical limit to the research, the exploration will refer to the Lombardy area, with a preference in the choice of case studies to include different methods of innovation and interrelation with the characteristics of the context. Examples of intervention costs reduction through the rationalization of project and construction production processes, of economies of scale, as well as of prefabrication, of dry assembly systems with high durability and maintainability and of energy saving through the surface to volume ratio control will be portrayed. In conclusion, the essay intends to highlight the recurring structural, regulatory, procedural obstacles to change, and outline possible contemporary research perspectives to respond to low-cost housing demand in terms of innovation of approaches and models rather than of techniques, in light of the current condition and its evolutionary framework.

La dimensione sperimentale dell’edilizia residenziale pubblica. Alcune storie dimenticate

Daglio, L.
2022

Abstract

In the attempt to respond as widely as possible to the housing demand through high-quality low-cost solutions and in a short timeframe, social housing has been characterized, since its beginnings in Italy, by an experimental approach quite different from the more conventional of private housing. It is a story that can be told through famous examples in the history of architecture, but also by isolated or forgotten cases, proving that a very wide and articulated baggage of experimentation, research and studies did not result into a critical evaluation and in the consequent development of intervention models and approaches. This contribution aims at investigating these lesser known ‘stories’ with particular interest in the hard and soft components of the technological dimension, in its integration with the typological concept, framing them in the respective socio-economic and cultural context, highlighting the missed opportunities and, where present, the endogenous and self-referential aspects of the applied innovation, which led to its failure. In particular, with the purpose of determining a geographical limit to the research, the exploration will refer to the Lombardy area, with a preference in the choice of case studies to include different methods of innovation and interrelation with the characteristics of the context. Examples of intervention costs reduction through the rationalization of project and construction production processes, of economies of scale, as well as of prefabrication, of dry assembly systems with high durability and maintainability and of energy saving through the surface to volume ratio control will be portrayed. In conclusion, the essay intends to highlight the recurring structural, regulatory, procedural obstacles to change, and outline possible contemporary research perspectives to respond to low-cost housing demand in terms of innovation of approaches and models rather than of techniques, in light of the current condition and its evolutionary framework.
Storie di quartieri pubblici. Progetti e sperimentazioni per valorizzare l’abitare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1218762
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