Infection is a severe complication in chronic wounds, often leading to morbidity or mortality. Current treatments rely on dressings, which frequently contain silver as a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent, although improper dosing can result in severe side effects. This work proposes a novel methylcellulose (MC)-based hydrogel designed for the topical release of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) via an intelligent mechanism activated by the pH variations in infected wounds. A preliminary optimization of the physicochemical and rheological properties of MC hydrogels allowed defining the optimal processing conditions in terms of crosslinker (citric acid) concentration, crosslinking time, and temperature. MC/AgNPs nanocomposite hydrogels were obtained via an in situ synthesis process, exploiting MC both as a capping and reducing agent. AgNPs with a 12.2 ± 2.8 nm diameter were obtained. MC hydrogels showed a dependence of the swelling and degradation behavior on both pH and temperature and a noteworthy pH-triggered release of AgNPs (release ~10 times higher at pH 12 than pH 4). 1H-NMR analysis revealed the role of alkaline hydrolysis of the ester bonds (i.e., crosslinks) in governing the pH-responsive behavior. Overall, MC/AgNPs hydrogels represent an innovative platform for the pH-triggered release of AgNPs in an alkaline milieu.

Smart Methylcellulose Hydrogels for pH-Triggered Delivery of Silver Nanoparticles

Bonetti, Lorenzo;Fiorati, Andrea;D’Agostino, Agnese;Pelacani, Carlo Maria;Chiesa, Roberto;Farè, Silvia;De Nardo, Luigi
2022-01-01

Abstract

Infection is a severe complication in chronic wounds, often leading to morbidity or mortality. Current treatments rely on dressings, which frequently contain silver as a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent, although improper dosing can result in severe side effects. This work proposes a novel methylcellulose (MC)-based hydrogel designed for the topical release of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) via an intelligent mechanism activated by the pH variations in infected wounds. A preliminary optimization of the physicochemical and rheological properties of MC hydrogels allowed defining the optimal processing conditions in terms of crosslinker (citric acid) concentration, crosslinking time, and temperature. MC/AgNPs nanocomposite hydrogels were obtained via an in situ synthesis process, exploiting MC both as a capping and reducing agent. AgNPs with a 12.2 ± 2.8 nm diameter were obtained. MC hydrogels showed a dependence of the swelling and degradation behavior on both pH and temperature and a noteworthy pH-triggered release of AgNPs (release ~10 times higher at pH 12 than pH 4). 1H-NMR analysis revealed the role of alkaline hydrolysis of the ester bonds (i.e., crosslinks) in governing the pH-responsive behavior. Overall, MC/AgNPs hydrogels represent an innovative platform for the pH-triggered release of AgNPs in an alkaline milieu.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1214536
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