Instability and oscillation issues originating in high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems comprising modular multilevel converters (MMCs) are gaining increasing interest in the research community. To detect such phenomena in advance, considerable effort has been devoted recently to developing MMC models for small-signal analysis. The derivation of such models is a challenging task due to the topology and complex control structure of MMCs, which results in them having a multi-frequency response. To address this issue, scholars developed methods based on dynamic phasors and harmonic state-space modelling, which, however, require extensive pen-And-paper computations. In this paper, the periodic small-signal analysis (PAC) is adopted to determine numerically several MMCs transfer functions. Such functions can be computed between any electrical circuit node or input/output port, without the need to recast the three-phase average MMC model to derive a linear equivalent one, possibly in the DQ-frame. We show how vector fitting allows converting these functions to equivalent algebraic representations, which can be profitably used to design MMCs and study their stability following some parameter changes. To showcase this feature, we exploit one of these transfer functions to detect DC-side instability in a point-To-point HVDC system.

Modular Multilevel Converter Impedance Computation Based on Periodic Small-Signal Analysis and Vector Fitting

Brambilla A.;Linaro D.;Bizzarri F.
2022

Abstract

Instability and oscillation issues originating in high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems comprising modular multilevel converters (MMCs) are gaining increasing interest in the research community. To detect such phenomena in advance, considerable effort has been devoted recently to developing MMC models for small-signal analysis. The derivation of such models is a challenging task due to the topology and complex control structure of MMCs, which results in them having a multi-frequency response. To address this issue, scholars developed methods based on dynamic phasors and harmonic state-space modelling, which, however, require extensive pen-And-paper computations. In this paper, the periodic small-signal analysis (PAC) is adopted to determine numerically several MMCs transfer functions. Such functions can be computed between any electrical circuit node or input/output port, without the need to recast the three-phase average MMC model to derive a linear equivalent one, possibly in the DQ-frame. We show how vector fitting allows converting these functions to equivalent algebraic representations, which can be profitably used to design MMCs and study their stability following some parameter changes. To showcase this feature, we exploit one of these transfer functions to detect DC-side instability in a point-To-point HVDC system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1211415
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