Ionizing radiation (IR) is used in radiotherapy as a treatment to destroy cancer. Such treatment also affects other tissues, resulting in the so‐called normal tissue complications. Endothelial cells (ECs) composing the microvasculature have essential roles in the microenvironment’s homeostasis (ME). Thus, detrimental effects induced by irradiation on ECs can influence both the tumor and healthy tissue. In‐vitro models can be advantageous to study these phenomena. In this systematic review, we analyzed in‐vitro models of ECs subjected to IR. We highlighted the critical issues involved in the production, irradiation, and analysis of such radiobiological in‐vitro models to study microvascular endothelial cells damage. For each step, we analyzed common methodologies and critical points required to obtain a reliable model. We identified the generation of a 3D environment for model production and the inclusion of heterogeneous cell populations for a reliable ME recapitulation. Additionally, we highlighted how essential information on the irradiation scheme, crucial to correlate better observed in vitro effects to the clinical scenario, are often neglected in the analyzed studies, limiting the translation of achieved results.

Radiobiological studies of microvascular damage through in vitro models: A methodological perspective

Possenti L.;Bersini S.;Costantino M. L.;
2021

Abstract

Ionizing radiation (IR) is used in radiotherapy as a treatment to destroy cancer. Such treatment also affects other tissues, resulting in the so‐called normal tissue complications. Endothelial cells (ECs) composing the microvasculature have essential roles in the microenvironment’s homeostasis (ME). Thus, detrimental effects induced by irradiation on ECs can influence both the tumor and healthy tissue. In‐vitro models can be advantageous to study these phenomena. In this systematic review, we analyzed in‐vitro models of ECs subjected to IR. We highlighted the critical issues involved in the production, irradiation, and analysis of such radiobiological in‐vitro models to study microvascular endothelial cells damage. For each step, we analyzed common methodologies and critical points required to obtain a reliable model. We identified the generation of a 3D environment for model production and the inclusion of heterogeneous cell populations for a reliable ME recapitulation. Additionally, we highlighted how essential information on the irradiation scheme, crucial to correlate better observed in vitro effects to the clinical scenario, are often neglected in the analyzed studies, limiting the translation of achieved results.
In‐vitro model
Ionizing radiation
Microenvironment
Microvasculature
Organ‐on‐chip
Radiobiological models
Radiotherapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1209168
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