Time-domain diffuse correlation spectroscopy (TD-DCS) is an emerging optical technique that enables noninvasive measurement of microvascular blood flow with photon path-length resolution. In TD-DCS, a picosecond pulsed laser with a long coherence length, adequate illumination power, and narrow instrument response function (IRF) is required, and satisfying all these features is challenging. To this purpose, in this study we characterized the performance of three different laser sources for TD-DCS. First, the sources were evaluated based on their emission spectrum and IRF. Then, we compared the signal-to-noise ratio and the sensitivity to velocity changes of scattering particles in a series of phantom measurements. We also compared the results for in vivo measurements, performing an arterial occlusion protocol on the forearm of three adult subjects. Overall, each laser has the potential to be successfully used both for laboratory and clinical applications. However, we found that the effects caused by the IRF are more significant than the effect of a limited temporal coherence.

Performance assessment of laser sources for time-domain diffuse correlation spectroscopy

Colombo L.;Contini D.;Torricelli A.;Pifferi A.;
2021

Abstract

Time-domain diffuse correlation spectroscopy (TD-DCS) is an emerging optical technique that enables noninvasive measurement of microvascular blood flow with photon path-length resolution. In TD-DCS, a picosecond pulsed laser with a long coherence length, adequate illumination power, and narrow instrument response function (IRF) is required, and satisfying all these features is challenging. To this purpose, in this study we characterized the performance of three different laser sources for TD-DCS. First, the sources were evaluated based on their emission spectrum and IRF. Then, we compared the signal-to-noise ratio and the sensitivity to velocity changes of scattering particles in a series of phantom measurements. We also compared the results for in vivo measurements, performing an arterial occlusion protocol on the forearm of three adult subjects. Overall, each laser has the potential to be successfully used both for laboratory and clinical applications. However, we found that the effects caused by the IRF are more significant than the effect of a limited temporal coherence.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
boe-12-9-5351.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 4.91 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.91 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri
iris_boe-12-9-5351.pdf

accesso aperto

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 3.05 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.05 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1208807
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact