We propose to exploit the natural mechanical instability of thin solid films to form regular patterns of monocrystalline atomically smooth silicon and germanium nanostructures that cannot be realized with conventional methods. The solid-state dewetting dynamics is guided by pre-patterning the sample by a combination of electron-beam lithography and reactive-ion etching, obtaining precise control over number, size, shape, and relative position of the final Si1-xGex structures. Here we describe our progress in the spectroscopic investigation of individual dewetted Si1-xGex nanoislands: in the linear regime, bright Mie-type localized resonances are detected in the visible spectral range, with a spectral position that can be tuned by modifying the size of the nanoparticles. In the non-linear regime, instead, sizable third-harmonic generation is observed at the level of single islands. We believe that these results will be pivotal to a novel approach in spectral filtering, sensing and structural color with all-dielectric photonic devices.

Linear and nonlinear optical properties of dewetted SiGe islands

Fagiani L.;Zilli A.;Barri C.;Rusconi F.;Celebrano M.;Khursheed A.;Biagioni P.;Finazzi M.;Bollani M.
2022-01-01

Abstract

We propose to exploit the natural mechanical instability of thin solid films to form regular patterns of monocrystalline atomically smooth silicon and germanium nanostructures that cannot be realized with conventional methods. The solid-state dewetting dynamics is guided by pre-patterning the sample by a combination of electron-beam lithography and reactive-ion etching, obtaining precise control over number, size, shape, and relative position of the final Si1-xGex structures. Here we describe our progress in the spectroscopic investigation of individual dewetted Si1-xGex nanoislands: in the linear regime, bright Mie-type localized resonances are detected in the visible spectral range, with a spectral position that can be tuned by modifying the size of the nanoparticles. In the non-linear regime, instead, sizable third-harmonic generation is observed at the level of single islands. We believe that these results will be pivotal to a novel approach in spectral filtering, sensing and structural color with all-dielectric photonic devices.
2022
Mie resonator
SiGe nanostructures
Solid state dewetting
Third- harmonic generation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1208290
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