This case study was designed starting from our experience at CYBATHLON 2020. The specific aim of this work was to compare the effectiveness of different fatigue reducing stimulation strategies during cycling induced by Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES). The compared stimulation strategies were: traditional constant frequency trains (CFTs) at 30 and 40Hz, doublet frequency trains (DFTs) and spatially distributed sequential stimulation (SDSS) on the quadriceps muscles. One Spinal Cord Injured (SCI) subject (39 years, T5-T6, male, ASIA A) was involved in 12 experimental sessions during which the four strategies were tested in a randomized order during FES-induced cycling performed on a passive trike at a constant cadence of 35 RPM. FES was delivered to four muscle groups (quadriceps, gluteal muscles, hamstrings and gastrocnemius) for each leg. The performance was evaluated in terms of saturation time (i.e., the time elapsed from the beginning of the stimulation until the predetermined maximum value of current amplitude is reached) and root mean square error (RMSE) of the actual cadence with respect to the target value. SDSS achieved a statistical lower saturation time and a qualitative higher RMSE of the cadence with respect to CFTs both at 30 and 40Hz.Clinical relevance - Conversely to previous literature, SDSS seems to be ineffective to reduce muscle fatigue during FES-induced cycling. Further experiments are needed to confirm this result.

Comparing Fatigue Reducing Stimulation Strategies during Cycling Induced by Functional Electrical Stimulation: A Case Study with one Spinal Cord Injured Subject

Ceroni I.;Ferrante S.;Conti F.;Dalla Gasperina S.;Dell'eva F.;Pedrocchi A.;Tarabini M.;Ambrosini E.
2021

Abstract

This case study was designed starting from our experience at CYBATHLON 2020. The specific aim of this work was to compare the effectiveness of different fatigue reducing stimulation strategies during cycling induced by Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES). The compared stimulation strategies were: traditional constant frequency trains (CFTs) at 30 and 40Hz, doublet frequency trains (DFTs) and spatially distributed sequential stimulation (SDSS) on the quadriceps muscles. One Spinal Cord Injured (SCI) subject (39 years, T5-T6, male, ASIA A) was involved in 12 experimental sessions during which the four strategies were tested in a randomized order during FES-induced cycling performed on a passive trike at a constant cadence of 35 RPM. FES was delivered to four muscle groups (quadriceps, gluteal muscles, hamstrings and gastrocnemius) for each leg. The performance was evaluated in terms of saturation time (i.e., the time elapsed from the beginning of the stimulation until the predetermined maximum value of current amplitude is reached) and root mean square error (RMSE) of the actual cadence with respect to the target value. SDSS achieved a statistical lower saturation time and a qualitative higher RMSE of the cadence with respect to CFTs both at 30 and 40Hz.Clinical relevance - Conversely to previous literature, SDSS seems to be ineffective to reduce muscle fatigue during FES-induced cycling. Further experiments are needed to confirm this result.
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
978-1-7281-1179-7
Electric Stimulation
Humans
Male
Muscle Fatigue
Electric Stimulation Therapy
Spinal Cord Injuries
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1208281
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