The basic optimal design of automotive suspensions with an additional spring in series with the damper is proposed. Unaddressed analytical expressions are derived for early design. A linear quarter-car model excited by a random road profile is considered. Multi-objective optimization (MOO) of the suspension performance is worked out analytically. Three analytical objective functions, namely, discomfort, road holding, and working space are derived and validated. Suspension spring stiffness, damping coefficient, and additional spring stiffness are considered as the design variables. The analytical optimization of three objective functions depending on three parameters has never been proposed in the literature, in reference to suspension systems. A quick selection of optimal suspension parameters is possible by using the analytical formulae of the Pareto-optimal set given in this article. The analytical optimal solutions are validated experimentally by resorting to the actual engineering practice. Despite the simplicity of the model, some understanding is provided on the advantages and disadvantages coming from the adoption of an additional spring in series with the damper in automotive suspensions.

Automotive Suspensions with Additional Spring in Series with Damper: Optimal Design by Analytical Formulae

Mastinu G.;Previati G.;Gobbi M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The basic optimal design of automotive suspensions with an additional spring in series with the damper is proposed. Unaddressed analytical expressions are derived for early design. A linear quarter-car model excited by a random road profile is considered. Multi-objective optimization (MOO) of the suspension performance is worked out analytically. Three analytical objective functions, namely, discomfort, road holding, and working space are derived and validated. Suspension spring stiffness, damping coefficient, and additional spring stiffness are considered as the design variables. The analytical optimization of three objective functions depending on three parameters has never been proposed in the literature, in reference to suspension systems. A quick selection of optimal suspension parameters is possible by using the analytical formulae of the Pareto-optimal set given in this article. The analytical optimal solutions are validated experimentally by resorting to the actual engineering practice. Despite the simplicity of the model, some understanding is provided on the advantages and disadvantages coming from the adoption of an additional spring in series with the damper in automotive suspensions.
Additional spring
McPherson suspension
Multi-objective optimization
Pareto-optimal solution
Quarter-car model
Rubber bushing
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
10-04-03-0018 (1).pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: Articolo principale
: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 7.62 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
7.62 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1205683
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact