Neuromorphic computing aims at the realization of intelligent systems able to process information similarly to our brain. Brain-inspired computing paradigms have been implemented in crossbar arrays of memristive devices; however, this approach does not emulate the topology and the emergent behaviour of biological neuronal circuits, where the principle of self-organization regulates both structure and function. Here, we report on in materia reservoir computing in a fully memristive architecture based on self-organized nanowire networks. Thanks to the functional synaptic connectivity with nonlinear dynamics and fading memory properties, the designless nanowire complex network acts as a network-wide physical reservoir able to map spatio-temporal inputs into a feature space that can be analysed by a memristive resistive switching memory read-out layer. Computing capabilities, including recognition of spatio-temporal patterns and time-series prediction, show that the emergent memristive behaviour of nanowire networks allows in materia implementation of brain-inspired computing paradigms characterized by a reduced training cost.

In materia reservoir computing with a fully memristive architecture based on self-organizing nanowire networks

Pedretti G.;Ricci S.;Hashemkhani S.;Ielmini D.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Neuromorphic computing aims at the realization of intelligent systems able to process information similarly to our brain. Brain-inspired computing paradigms have been implemented in crossbar arrays of memristive devices; however, this approach does not emulate the topology and the emergent behaviour of biological neuronal circuits, where the principle of self-organization regulates both structure and function. Here, we report on in materia reservoir computing in a fully memristive architecture based on self-organized nanowire networks. Thanks to the functional synaptic connectivity with nonlinear dynamics and fading memory properties, the designless nanowire complex network acts as a network-wide physical reservoir able to map spatio-temporal inputs into a feature space that can be analysed by a memristive resistive switching memory read-out layer. Computing capabilities, including recognition of spatio-temporal patterns and time-series prediction, show that the emergent memristive behaviour of nanowire networks allows in materia implementation of brain-inspired computing paradigms characterized by a reduced training cost.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Manuscript_revised_rev_2_v2.pdf

accesso aperto

: Post-Print (DRAFT o Author’s Accepted Manuscript-AAM)
Dimensione 4.82 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.82 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1199405
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 12
  • Scopus 45
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 45
social impact