The layerwise nature of additive manufacturing (AM) allows for in-situ monitoring of the consolidate material to identify defects on the fly and produce parts with improved reliability and performance. The main challenge in this paradigm, however, is that current methods have either limited measurement throughput or produce signals that are difficult to interpret and to relate to build properties. In this work, we present a new methodology that combines high-throughput in-situ measurements during laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) with robust and unbiased numerical image analysis to predict build density from the surface topography of the consolidated material. The method relies on high resolution and large field of view optical scans of the layer—acquired through our powder bed scanner (PBS) technology—which we segment into “superpixels” to capture local and distributed differences in surface morphology and roughness. The high accuracy of our predictions together with the fast data acquisition and analysis enabled by the PBS and the low-dimensionality of the optical dataset after segmentation make our methodology an ideal candidate for in-line monitoring of materials produced by L-PBF. In addition, the ability to indirectly deduce a specific material property—namely density—as opposed to inferring a qualitative descriptor related to it makes our methodology unique and transferable to commercial powder bed fusion processes.

Predicting build density in L-PBF through in-situ analysis of surface topography using powder bed scanner technology

Grasso M.;
2022

Abstract

The layerwise nature of additive manufacturing (AM) allows for in-situ monitoring of the consolidate material to identify defects on the fly and produce parts with improved reliability and performance. The main challenge in this paradigm, however, is that current methods have either limited measurement throughput or produce signals that are difficult to interpret and to relate to build properties. In this work, we present a new methodology that combines high-throughput in-situ measurements during laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) with robust and unbiased numerical image analysis to predict build density from the surface topography of the consolidated material. The method relies on high resolution and large field of view optical scans of the layer—acquired through our powder bed scanner (PBS) technology—which we segment into “superpixels” to capture local and distributed differences in surface morphology and roughness. The high accuracy of our predictions together with the fast data acquisition and analysis enabled by the PBS and the low-dimensionality of the optical dataset after segmentation make our methodology an ideal candidate for in-line monitoring of materials produced by L-PBF. In addition, the ability to indirectly deduce a specific material property—namely density—as opposed to inferring a qualitative descriptor related to it makes our methodology unique and transferable to commercial powder bed fusion processes.
Density
In-situ monitoring
Machine vision
Porosity
Powder bed image
Superpixel
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Predicting build density in L-PBF through in-situ analysis of surface topography using powder bed scanner technology.pdf

accesso aperto

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 9.93 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
9.93 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1197678
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact