The decarbonization of the residential sector is fundamental for energy transition. In this context, it is promising the introduction of hydrogen in natural gas networks in specific hydrogen districts. Accordingly, hydrogen meters are needed for accounting the fuel consumptions. The topic of this work is the development and construction of an experimental apparatus for testing safely hydrogen volume and flow meters up to 24 m3/h (referred to standard conditions) in controlled environmental conditions, between -25 and +55 °C (and beyond). The apparatus realized can test up to four volume and flow meters in a climatic chamber while processing air or pure hydrogen or methane. Methane-hydrogen mixtures can be tested connecting simply bottles with synthetic blends. The aim is to verify the measurement accuracy of the meters under test. A dedicated data analysis protocol featuring statistical process control is developed to monitor the stability of the system during the test. It exploits statistical indicators representing the autocorrelation, the normality of residuals of the mean value and the lag plot. The apparatus is realized, and it complies with the leakage limits set by indications in literature. A new ultrasonic domestic meter is tested in the apparatus. It has been developed by Pietro Fiorentini S.p.A. in the framework of the Hy4Heat project. Its error trends measured at all temperatures comply with the limit of 3.5% between 0.12 and 2 m3/h and 2% between 2 and 20 m3/h, as imposed by legislations.

Development of an experimental apparatus and a data analysis protocol for the test of hydrogen volume and flow meters in controlled environmental conditions

Battistella, Francesco;Ravidà, Antonino;Valenti, Gianluca
2021

Abstract

The decarbonization of the residential sector is fundamental for energy transition. In this context, it is promising the introduction of hydrogen in natural gas networks in specific hydrogen districts. Accordingly, hydrogen meters are needed for accounting the fuel consumptions. The topic of this work is the development and construction of an experimental apparatus for testing safely hydrogen volume and flow meters up to 24 m3/h (referred to standard conditions) in controlled environmental conditions, between -25 and +55 °C (and beyond). The apparatus realized can test up to four volume and flow meters in a climatic chamber while processing air or pure hydrogen or methane. Methane-hydrogen mixtures can be tested connecting simply bottles with synthetic blends. The aim is to verify the measurement accuracy of the meters under test. A dedicated data analysis protocol featuring statistical process control is developed to monitor the stability of the system during the test. It exploits statistical indicators representing the autocorrelation, the normality of residuals of the mean value and the lag plot. The apparatus is realized, and it complies with the leakage limits set by indications in literature. A new ultrasonic domestic meter is tested in the apparatus. It has been developed by Pietro Fiorentini S.p.A. in the framework of the Hy4Heat project. Its error trends measured at all temperatures comply with the limit of 3.5% between 0.12 and 2 m3/h and 2% between 2 and 20 m3/h, as imposed by legislations.
76th Italian National Congress (ATI 2021)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1188995
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