This work aimed at studying the relationships between the absorption spectra acquired by time­resolved reflectance spectroscopy (TRS) and the carotenoid (CAR) and/or the anthocyanin (ANT) contents in 9 potato genotypes with different flesh color (white, yellow, red, purple). Fifty whole and intact tubers/genotype were non­destructively measured by TRS in the 540­980 nm range; white­ and yellow­fleshed were ranked according to increasing µa540, the red ones according to µa670 and the purple ones according to µa780. Then, 5 tubers/genotype, corresponding to the highest, the lowest and 3 intermediate values of each μa range, were analyzed for flesh color and CAR and ANT contents. In white­ and yellow­fleshed genotypes, µa540 ranged from 0.078 to 0.207 cm­1, showing the highest value in ‘Melrose’ and in ‘ISCI 133/12­1’ and the lowest ones in ‘Romantica’ and in ‘CN 07.16.3’. In red­fleshed tubers, µa670 ranged from 0.049 to 0.146 with no significant differences between genotypes; in purple­fleshed genotypes, µa780 ranged from 0.147 to 0.473, showing the highest values in ‘Bleuet’. CAR content ranged between 0.071 to 5.937 mg kg­1 FW, displaying the highest amounts in the deep yellow genotypes ‘Melrose’ and ‘ISCI 133/12­1’ and the lowest ones in the white ‘CN 07.16.3’ and in the dark purple ‘Bleuet’ tubers. ANT content ranged from 31.63 to 798.44 mg kg­1 FW in red­purple genotypes, having the highest values in ‘Bleuet’. By using TRS spectra and PLS analysis, it was possible to predict CAR (R2CV=0.79, RMSECV=0.89) and ANT (R2CV =0.81, RMSECV=95.53) contents and flesh color (h°) in yellow­fleshed genotypes (R2CV =0.93, RMSECV=0.67) and purple genotypes (R2CV =0.82, RMSECV=1.63).

Anthocyanin and carotenoid contents assessed by time­resolved reflectance spectroscopy in potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum l.) with different flesh colors

L. Spinelli;A. Torricelli;
2020

Abstract

This work aimed at studying the relationships between the absorption spectra acquired by time­resolved reflectance spectroscopy (TRS) and the carotenoid (CAR) and/or the anthocyanin (ANT) contents in 9 potato genotypes with different flesh color (white, yellow, red, purple). Fifty whole and intact tubers/genotype were non­destructively measured by TRS in the 540­980 nm range; white­ and yellow­fleshed were ranked according to increasing µa540, the red ones according to µa670 and the purple ones according to µa780. Then, 5 tubers/genotype, corresponding to the highest, the lowest and 3 intermediate values of each μa range, were analyzed for flesh color and CAR and ANT contents. In white­ and yellow­fleshed genotypes, µa540 ranged from 0.078 to 0.207 cm­1, showing the highest value in ‘Melrose’ and in ‘ISCI 133/12­1’ and the lowest ones in ‘Romantica’ and in ‘CN 07.16.3’. In red­fleshed tubers, µa670 ranged from 0.049 to 0.146 with no significant differences between genotypes; in purple­fleshed genotypes, µa780 ranged from 0.147 to 0.473, showing the highest values in ‘Bleuet’. CAR content ranged between 0.071 to 5.937 mg kg­1 FW, displaying the highest amounts in the deep yellow genotypes ‘Melrose’ and ‘ISCI 133/12­1’ and the lowest ones in the white ‘CN 07.16.3’ and in the dark purple ‘Bleuet’ tubers. ANT content ranged from 31.63 to 798.44 mg kg­1 FW in red­purple genotypes, having the highest values in ‘Bleuet’. By using TRS spectra and PLS analysis, it was possible to predict CAR (R2CV=0.79, RMSECV=0.89) and ANT (R2CV =0.81, RMSECV=95.53) contents and flesh color (h°) in yellow­fleshed genotypes (R2CV =0.93, RMSECV=0.67) and purple genotypes (R2CV =0.82, RMSECV=1.63).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1167326
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