This work presents and analyses the results of an experimental activity aimed at the characterization of stratified air-water flow conditions, which have been poorly analyzed in previous studies although they are significant for industrial applications. Tests were performed in a 24 m long, 60 mm inner diameter PMMA pipe; the superficial velocities ranged between 0.03 m/s and 0.06 m/s for the water and between 0.41 m/s and 2.31 m/s for air. The pressure gradient along the pipeline was determined and compared to the one obtained implementing two-fluid models available in the literature. Fair agreement with the models was found only at high values of the superficial gas velocities, i.e., above 1.31 m/s. Moreover, the void fraction was measured through a resistive probe and compared with the values predicted by available models. Since none of them was able to satisfactorily predict the void fraction in the whole range of superficial velocities, a drift flux model was successfully implemented. Eventually, with both the measured pressure gradient and the void fraction, a two-fluid model was implemented in order to determine the interfacial shear stress and to compare the outcome with the literature, emphasizing the influence of the operating conditions on the prediction performance.

Pressure drop and void fraction in horizontal air-water stratified flows with smooth interface at atmospheric pressure

Carraretto I. M.;Colombo L. P. M.;Fasani D.;Guilizzoni M.;Lucchini A.
2020

Abstract

This work presents and analyses the results of an experimental activity aimed at the characterization of stratified air-water flow conditions, which have been poorly analyzed in previous studies although they are significant for industrial applications. Tests were performed in a 24 m long, 60 mm inner diameter PMMA pipe; the superficial velocities ranged between 0.03 m/s and 0.06 m/s for the water and between 0.41 m/s and 2.31 m/s for air. The pressure gradient along the pipeline was determined and compared to the one obtained implementing two-fluid models available in the literature. Fair agreement with the models was found only at high values of the superficial gas velocities, i.e., above 1.31 m/s. Moreover, the void fraction was measured through a resistive probe and compared with the values predicted by available models. Since none of them was able to satisfactorily predict the void fraction in the whole range of superficial velocities, a drift flux model was successfully implemented. Eventually, with both the measured pressure gradient and the void fraction, a two-fluid model was implemented in order to determine the interfacial shear stress and to compare the outcome with the literature, emphasizing the influence of the operating conditions on the prediction performance.
Pressure drop
Two-phase flow
Void fraction
Two-fluid model
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1159831
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