We tested the capability of seismic noise to monitor the stability conditions of a small rock block that we forced to fail in four following stages. Ambient vibrations were recorded with a broad-band 3C seismometer placed on top of the block and were processed to analyse their spectral and polarization characteristics with diverse algorithms. To analyse the spectral content of the records, we applied the multitaper method while seismic noise polarization features were investigated by means of the singular value decomposition of the Hermitian spectral density matrix. Numerical modelling was found to add limited value because of the uncertainty in estimating correctly spatial and mechanical features of the rock bridges between the block and the rock mass. Nevertheless, a modelling exercise we performed is in agreement with previous post-failure observations according to which unstable rocks may be coupled to the stable rock mass by rock bridges covering only a few per cent of the total surface of the fractures. Our analyses confirm that, when approaching final collapse, there is a trend of the block eigenmodes towards lower frequencies and show that polarized bands become narrower.

Seismic noise monitoring of a small rock block collapse test

Taruselli M.;Longoni L.;Papini M.;Zanzi L.
2021-01-01

Abstract

We tested the capability of seismic noise to monitor the stability conditions of a small rock block that we forced to fail in four following stages. Ambient vibrations were recorded with a broad-band 3C seismometer placed on top of the block and were processed to analyse their spectral and polarization characteristics with diverse algorithms. To analyse the spectral content of the records, we applied the multitaper method while seismic noise polarization features were investigated by means of the singular value decomposition of the Hermitian spectral density matrix. Numerical modelling was found to add limited value because of the uncertainty in estimating correctly spatial and mechanical features of the rock bridges between the block and the rock mass. Nevertheless, a modelling exercise we performed is in agreement with previous post-failure observations according to which unstable rocks may be coupled to the stable rock mass by rock bridges covering only a few per cent of the total surface of the fractures. Our analyses confirm that, when approaching final collapse, there is a trend of the block eigenmodes towards lower frequencies and show that polarized bands become narrower.
2021
Fourier analysis
Instability analysis
Numerical modelling
Seismic instruments
Seismic noise
Time-series analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1159062
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