An analytical formulation for collision avoidance maneuvers involving a spacecraft and a space debris is presented, including solutions for the maximumdeviation and minimum collision probability cases. Gauss’s planetary equations and relative motion equations are used to map maneuvers at a given time to displacements at the predicted close approach. The model is then extended to map changes in state between two times, allowing one to propagate covariance matrices. The analytical formulation reduces the optimization problem to an eigenproblem, for both maximum deviation and minimum collision probability. Two maximum deviation cases, total deviation and impact parameter, are compared for a large set of spacecraft–debris conjunction geometries derived from European Space Agency’s Meteoroid and Space Debris Terrestrial Environment Reference (MASTER-2009) model. Moreover, the maximum impact parameter and minimum collision probability maneuvers are compared assuming covariances known at the maneuver time, to evaluate the net effect of lead time in collision probability. In all cases, solutions are analyzed in the b-plane to leverage its natural separation of phasing and geometry change effects. Both uncertainties and maximum deviation grow along the time axis for long lead times, limiting the reduction in collision probability.

Analytical Framework for Space Debris Collision Avoidance Maneuver Design

Gonzalo, Juan Luis;Colombo, Camilla;Di Lizia, Pierluigi
2021

Abstract

An analytical formulation for collision avoidance maneuvers involving a spacecraft and a space debris is presented, including solutions for the maximumdeviation and minimum collision probability cases. Gauss’s planetary equations and relative motion equations are used to map maneuvers at a given time to displacements at the predicted close approach. The model is then extended to map changes in state between two times, allowing one to propagate covariance matrices. The analytical formulation reduces the optimization problem to an eigenproblem, for both maximum deviation and minimum collision probability. Two maximum deviation cases, total deviation and impact parameter, are compared for a large set of spacecraft–debris conjunction geometries derived from European Space Agency’s Meteoroid and Space Debris Terrestrial Environment Reference (MASTER-2009) model. Moreover, the maximum impact parameter and minimum collision probability maneuvers are compared assuming covariances known at the maneuver time, to evaluate the net effect of lead time in collision probability. In all cases, solutions are analyzed in the b-plane to leverage its natural separation of phasing and geometry change effects. Both uncertainties and maximum deviation grow along the time axis for long lead times, limiting the reduction in collision probability.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1156307
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