According to the registered databases of air accidents around the world, landing overruns are the most probable accidents among all runway excursion events. Although new aircraft are enhanced with the latest technologies that improve the maneuvers safety, the frequency of landing overruns are bound to increase because of the ascending growth rate of annual traffic. The principal scope of this paper is to evaluate the functionality of Engineered Materials Arresting System (EMAS) as a mitigation strategy to reduce the possible consequences of landing overrun events and in particular to determine if installing an EMAS can help land-locked airports to meet Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommendations in order to upgrade their Runway End Safety Areas (RESAs). In the previous studies, not enough investigations are dedicated to predicting the behavior of the aircraft and its deceleration rate after interfering EMAS and how different materials as arrestor beds would modify aircraft braking distance in RESA. Therefore, secondary objective of this paper is to determine the most optimum height of EMAS slabs, in function of execution costs and accident severity reduction rate. In this regard, a MATLAB®-based numerical code, which simulate the tire-pavement interface, is developed in order to evaluate the functionality of EMAS for aircraft ground maneuvers. Although this code is developed for both dry and wet runway conditions, dry runway's surface is selected as the boundary condition of this study. It simulates aircraft arresting distance by calculating a dynamic skid resistance between aircraft main gear and runway pavement with a fix time step. The results are plotted as risk contour intervals on the layout of EMAS that is installed at the RESA. In addition, this numerical code is adopted in order to perform a sensitivity analysis on five arresting bed materials, which consist of three low-density concretes with maximum crushing stress thresholds of 172500, 345000 and 930000 Pa, one gravel-based material and one foam aggregate-based mixture. Among all, low-density concrete with the highest crushing strength causes shorter aircraft arresting distance.

Evaluating the interaction between engineered materials and aircraft tyres as arresting systems in landing overrun events

Ketabdari M.;Toraldo E.;Crispino M.;Lunkar V.
2020

Abstract

According to the registered databases of air accidents around the world, landing overruns are the most probable accidents among all runway excursion events. Although new aircraft are enhanced with the latest technologies that improve the maneuvers safety, the frequency of landing overruns are bound to increase because of the ascending growth rate of annual traffic. The principal scope of this paper is to evaluate the functionality of Engineered Materials Arresting System (EMAS) as a mitigation strategy to reduce the possible consequences of landing overrun events and in particular to determine if installing an EMAS can help land-locked airports to meet Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommendations in order to upgrade their Runway End Safety Areas (RESAs). In the previous studies, not enough investigations are dedicated to predicting the behavior of the aircraft and its deceleration rate after interfering EMAS and how different materials as arrestor beds would modify aircraft braking distance in RESA. Therefore, secondary objective of this paper is to determine the most optimum height of EMAS slabs, in function of execution costs and accident severity reduction rate. In this regard, a MATLAB®-based numerical code, which simulate the tire-pavement interface, is developed in order to evaluate the functionality of EMAS for aircraft ground maneuvers. Although this code is developed for both dry and wet runway conditions, dry runway's surface is selected as the boundary condition of this study. It simulates aircraft arresting distance by calculating a dynamic skid resistance between aircraft main gear and runway pavement with a fix time step. The results are plotted as risk contour intervals on the layout of EMAS that is installed at the RESA. In addition, this numerical code is adopted in order to perform a sensitivity analysis on five arresting bed materials, which consist of three low-density concretes with maximum crushing stress thresholds of 172500, 345000 and 930000 Pa, one gravel-based material and one foam aggregate-based mixture. Among all, low-density concrete with the highest crushing strength causes shorter aircraft arresting distance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1150341
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