We present results of three-dimensional direct numerical simulations (DNS) and large eddy simulations (LES) of turbulent gravity currents with a discontinuous Galerkin finite elements method. In particular, we consider the lock-exchange test case as a benchmark for gravity currents. Since, to the best of our knowledge, non-Boussinesq three-dimensional reference DNS are not available in the literature for this test case, we first perform a DNS experiment. The DNS provides an accurate description of the turbulent phenomena and highlights some differences with respect to the Boussinesq regime, like the non-symmetric pattern in the evolution of instabilities at the interfacial region and the fact that less turbulent structures are present due to greater stratification. A periodic pattern is also evident in the time evolution of turbulent mixing. The DNS is then employed to assess the performance of different LES models. In particular, we have considered the isotropic dynamic model and an anisotropic dynamic model. The LES results provide a first indication about the superiority of dynamic models with respect to no-model LES. However, the considered Reynolds numbers in the non-Boussinesq context are still too low to draw firm conclusions about the superiority of the present explicit LES approach with respect to an implicit LES approach.
|Titolo:||Large eddy simulation of non-Boussinesq gravity currents with a DG method|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|