Seeking for optimised resources exploitation, efficient flows management, sustainable environmental impacts, smart city programs are enrolling and repurposing in their networked technological infrastructure a vast array of objects, not least natural ones: trees become connected to reduce “heat islands”; algae are pushed into street furniture to absorb pollutants; mushrooms, strawberries, aromatic plants and vegetables are grown - up over roofs, down in former underground parking lots, vertically grafting on wall - to satisfy local food demands; sheeps and muttons are transformed into lawn mower. All these examples came from a rather specific implementation of the smart city. They take place in Paris, as pilots, experiments, tests and demos, attempting to blend together the biological and the socio-technical layer of the city, along with the historically rooted aesthetic of the city with a future projected imaginations. To observe and describe them, we extended an ongoing research concerned with the issues raised by urban nature in Paris: the NATURPRADI project. We mapped the discursive and pictorial elements of the Parisian urban nature debate by tracing digital-native contents produced on Twitter from July 2016 till July 2017. This digital method approach led to a series of visualisations showing how objects, places, practices and technologies are mobilised, re-appropriated by the smart city. By exploring the visualisations, we intend to provide a empirical base to discuss the frictions provoked by the articulations of nature, technology and the city in business models, policy toolboxes and citizens engagement initiatives.

Enrolling nature in the smart city: Discourses and imaginaries of Parisian smart city

D. Ricci;G. Colombo
2018

Abstract

Seeking for optimised resources exploitation, efficient flows management, sustainable environmental impacts, smart city programs are enrolling and repurposing in their networked technological infrastructure a vast array of objects, not least natural ones: trees become connected to reduce “heat islands”; algae are pushed into street furniture to absorb pollutants; mushrooms, strawberries, aromatic plants and vegetables are grown - up over roofs, down in former underground parking lots, vertically grafting on wall - to satisfy local food demands; sheeps and muttons are transformed into lawn mower. All these examples came from a rather specific implementation of the smart city. They take place in Paris, as pilots, experiments, tests and demos, attempting to blend together the biological and the socio-technical layer of the city, along with the historically rooted aesthetic of the city with a future projected imaginations. To observe and describe them, we extended an ongoing research concerned with the issues raised by urban nature in Paris: the NATURPRADI project. We mapped the discursive and pictorial elements of the Parisian urban nature debate by tracing digital-native contents produced on Twitter from July 2016 till July 2017. This digital method approach led to a series of visualisations showing how objects, places, practices and technologies are mobilised, re-appropriated by the smart city. By exploring the visualisations, we intend to provide a empirical base to discuss the frictions provoked by the articulations of nature, technology and the city in business models, policy toolboxes and citizens engagement initiatives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1122815
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