Human integration in cyber-physical systems (CPS) is playing a crucial role in the era of the digital transformation, notably because humans are seen as the most flexible driver in an automated system. Two main reference models for human activities in production systems are usually considered, namely Human-in-the-Loop (HitL) and Human-in-the-Mesh (HitM), which present di˙erent requirements and challenges. This paper aims to overview the di˙erent activities related to the human integration in CPS, particularly discussing the requirements that can be found in HitL and HitM models for the di˙erent phases of the decision-making process, namely detect, determine, develop and describe; and analyzing the technologies and computational tools to support these human activities. The human integration in CPS is illustrated through three examples, where humans playing the operator and manager roles are integrated in the PERFoRM and FAR-EDGE ecosystems, covering di˙erent phases of the decision-making process.

Symbiotic Integration of Human Activities in Cyber-Physical Systems

Paola Fantini;Marco Taisch
In corso di stampa

Abstract

Human integration in cyber-physical systems (CPS) is playing a crucial role in the era of the digital transformation, notably because humans are seen as the most flexible driver in an automated system. Two main reference models for human activities in production systems are usually considered, namely Human-in-the-Loop (HitL) and Human-in-the-Mesh (HitM), which present di˙erent requirements and challenges. This paper aims to overview the di˙erent activities related to the human integration in CPS, particularly discussing the requirements that can be found in HitL and HitM models for the di˙erent phases of the decision-making process, namely detect, determine, develop and describe; and analyzing the technologies and computational tools to support these human activities. The human integration in CPS is illustrated through three examples, where humans playing the operator and manager roles are integrated in the PERFoRM and FAR-EDGE ecosystems, covering di˙erent phases of the decision-making process.
14th IFAC Symposium on Analysis design and Evaluation of Human Machine Systems
Cyber-physical systems, human integration, Human-in-the-Loop, Human-in-the-Mesh.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1118567
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