Drug discovery is a high cost and high risk process, thus finding new uses for approved drugs, i.e. drug repositioning, via computational methods has become increasingly interesting. In this study, we present a new network-based approach for predicting potential new indications for existing drugs through their connections with other biological entities. For this aim, we first built a large network integrating drugs, proteins, biological pathways and drugs' categories as nodes of the network, and connections between such nodes as links of the network. Our method leverages the Non-Negative Matrix Tri-Factorization reconstruction of adjacency matrices in order to predict novel category-drug links, i.e. a new category (or use)associated with a drug, taking the entire network information into account. We tested our method on a set of 1,120 drugs labeled with ten categories; when we hide to the method the 10% of the drug-category associations, it was able to infer those missing values with a recall of 60% and a precision of 70%. Precision and recall remain higher than a Random Classifier in case of larger percentage of hidden links, demonstrating the robustness of the method. Also, we were able to predict novel drug-label associations not yet reported in the repository. Finally, we favorably compared our method with a state of the art method for drug repositioning; the NMTF method achieved an average precision score of 0.68 vs. the 0.55 score of the state of the art method.
|Titolo:||Non-negative Matrix Tri-Factorization for Data Integration and Network-based Drug Repositioning|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|