Abstract: Steady oblique shock waves are observed for the first time in non-ideal supersonic flows of single-phase organic vapors. A diamond-shaped airfoil with semi-aperture 7. 5 ∘ at the leading edge and 10 ∘ at the trailing edge is placed within a uniform supersonic stream (Mach number M= 1.5) of siloxane fluid MDM (octamethyltrisiloxane, C 8H 24O 2Si 3). Oblique shock waves are observed at varying stagnation conditions in the pre-shock state, for a set of flow deviation angles obtained by changing the attitude of the model with respect to the wind tunnel axis. Stagnation temperatures and pressures reduced by critical values range from 0.928 to 0.979 and from 0.200 to 0.615, respectively. Oblique shock waves are characterized through independent measurements of pressure, temperature and Mach number. Stagnation pressure and temperature are measured in the wind-tunnel settling chamber, while the pre-shock, post-shock and post-expansion static pressures are measured at selected locations close to the airfoil. Direct measurement of the flow Mach number is provided by schlieren visualizations. Experimental results agree with the shock wave theory for two-dimensional steady flows, complemented with state-of-the-art thermodynamic models, and deviate from their well-known, dilute-gas predictions. In particular, measurements show the non-ideal dependence of the pressure ratio across the shock on stagnation conditions in addition to the well-known dependence on the pre-shock Mach number, specific heat ratio and flow deviation angle typical of dilute gas conditions. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Experimental observation of oblique shock waves in steady non-ideal flows

Zocca M.;Guardone A.;Cammi G.;Cozzi F.;Spinelli A.
2019

Abstract

Abstract: Steady oblique shock waves are observed for the first time in non-ideal supersonic flows of single-phase organic vapors. A diamond-shaped airfoil with semi-aperture 7. 5 ∘ at the leading edge and 10 ∘ at the trailing edge is placed within a uniform supersonic stream (Mach number M= 1.5) of siloxane fluid MDM (octamethyltrisiloxane, C 8H 24O 2Si 3). Oblique shock waves are observed at varying stagnation conditions in the pre-shock state, for a set of flow deviation angles obtained by changing the attitude of the model with respect to the wind tunnel axis. Stagnation temperatures and pressures reduced by critical values range from 0.928 to 0.979 and from 0.200 to 0.615, respectively. Oblique shock waves are characterized through independent measurements of pressure, temperature and Mach number. Stagnation pressure and temperature are measured in the wind-tunnel settling chamber, while the pre-shock, post-shock and post-expansion static pressures are measured at selected locations close to the airfoil. Direct measurement of the flow Mach number is provided by schlieren visualizations. Experimental results agree with the shock wave theory for two-dimensional steady flows, complemented with state-of-the-art thermodynamic models, and deviate from their well-known, dilute-gas predictions. In particular, measurements show the non-ideal dependence of the pressure ratio across the shock on stagnation conditions in addition to the well-known dependence on the pre-shock Mach number, specific heat ratio and flow deviation angle typical of dilute gas conditions. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1089188
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