Helium plays an important role in determining nuclear fuel performance both in-pile (especially for MOX fuels and those at high burnup) and in storage conditions. Predictive models of helium behaviour are therefore a fundamental element in fuel performance codes. These models are based on the accurate knowledge of helium diffusivity (addressed in a previous paper, Luzzi et al. (2018)) and of helium solubility in oxide nuclear fuel. Based on all the experimental data available in the literature and after verification of the validity of Henry’s law we propose two correlations for Henry’s constant, kH (at m-3 MPa-1 ): kH = 1. 8·10^25·exp(-0.41/kT) for powders and kH = 4.1·10^24·exp(-0.65/kT) for single crystals, with the Boltzmann factor 1/kT in (eV-1). The correlation for Henry’s constant in powder samples is of interest for the analysis of helium behaviour in the fuel after the pulverization occurring during LOCA-like temperature transients, while the correlation for Henry’s constant in single-crystals is usable in meso-scale models describing helium behaviour at the level of fuel grains. The current lack of data for this fundamental property, especially for poly-crystalline samples, calls for new experiments.

Helium solubility in oxide nuclear fuel: Derivation of new correlations for Henry’s constant

COGNINI, LUANA;D. Pizzocri;T. Barani;L. Luzzi
2018

Abstract

Helium plays an important role in determining nuclear fuel performance both in-pile (especially for MOX fuels and those at high burnup) and in storage conditions. Predictive models of helium behaviour are therefore a fundamental element in fuel performance codes. These models are based on the accurate knowledge of helium diffusivity (addressed in a previous paper, Luzzi et al. (2018)) and of helium solubility in oxide nuclear fuel. Based on all the experimental data available in the literature and after verification of the validity of Henry’s law we propose two correlations for Henry’s constant, kH (at m-3 MPa-1 ): kH = 1. 8·10^25·exp(-0.41/kT) for powders and kH = 4.1·10^24·exp(-0.65/kT) for single crystals, with the Boltzmann factor 1/kT in (eV-1). The correlation for Henry’s constant in powder samples is of interest for the analysis of helium behaviour in the fuel after the pulverization occurring during LOCA-like temperature transients, while the correlation for Henry’s constant in single-crystals is usable in meso-scale models describing helium behaviour at the level of fuel grains. The current lack of data for this fundamental property, especially for poly-crystalline samples, calls for new experiments.
Helium behaviour, Solubility, Henry’s constant, Oxide fuel.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Nuclear_Engineering_and_Design_340_(2018)_240-244.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 722.15 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
722.15 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1077844
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact