Climate change affects technical systems, structures and infrastructures, changing the environmental context for which systems, structures and infrastructure were originally designed. In order to prevent any risk growth beyond acceptable levels, the climate change effects must be accounted for into risk assessment models. Climate models can provide future climate data, such as air temperature and pressure. However, the reliability of climate models is a major concern due to the uncertainty in the temperature and pressure future projections. In this work, we consider five climate change models (individually unable to accurately provide historical recorded temperatures and, thus, also future projections) and ensemble their projections for integration in a probabilistic safety assessment, conditional on climate projections. As case study, we consider the passive containment cooling system of two AP1000 nuclear power plants. Results provided by the different ensembles are compared. Finally, a risk-based classification approach is performed to identify critical future temperatures, which may lead to passive containment cooling system risks beyond acceptable levels.

Ensembles of climate change models for risk assessment of nuclear power plants

Vagnoli, Matteo;Di Maio, Francesco;Zio, Enrico
2018-01-01

Abstract

Climate change affects technical systems, structures and infrastructures, changing the environmental context for which systems, structures and infrastructure were originally designed. In order to prevent any risk growth beyond acceptable levels, the climate change effects must be accounted for into risk assessment models. Climate models can provide future climate data, such as air temperature and pressure. However, the reliability of climate models is a major concern due to the uncertainty in the temperature and pressure future projections. In this work, we consider five climate change models (individually unable to accurately provide historical recorded temperatures and, thus, also future projections) and ensemble their projections for integration in a probabilistic safety assessment, conditional on climate projections. As case study, we consider the passive containment cooling system of two AP1000 nuclear power plants. Results provided by the different ensembles are compared. Finally, a risk-based classification approach is performed to identify critical future temperatures, which may lead to passive containment cooling system risks beyond acceptable levels.
2018
climate change; ensemble of climate models; nuclear power plant; passive containment cooling system; Probabilistic safety assessment; risk-based classification; Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1077614
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