This paper presents a nonlinear model accurately describing, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the onset and dynamics of bicycle shimmy. Methods of nonlinear dynamics, such as numerical continuation and bifurcation analysis, show that the model exhibits two stable periodic motions found experimentally in on-road tests: the weave and wobble (or shimmy) mode. The modelling results are compared with experimental data collected by riding a racing bicycle downhill at high speeds with hands on the handlebar. The model predicts with surprising accuracy the amplitudes and frequencies of the oscillations, the longitudinal velocity at which they occur, as well as the substantial independence of wobble frequency and amplitude from the forward speed. The lateral acceleration of the upper tube of the frame near the steering axis reaches 5–10 g, both in the model and in the data. The analysis shows that wobble onset and amplitude is particularly sensitive to changes in the torsional stiffness of the frame and strongly depends on tyre lateral force and aligning torque at the wheel–road contact point. It also allows to quantify the additional viscous rotary damping that should be added to the steering assembly to prevent wobble.

A nonlinear model of bicycle shimmy

Tomiati, Nicolò;Colombo, Alessandro;Magnani, Gianantonio
2019

Abstract

This paper presents a nonlinear model accurately describing, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the onset and dynamics of bicycle shimmy. Methods of nonlinear dynamics, such as numerical continuation and bifurcation analysis, show that the model exhibits two stable periodic motions found experimentally in on-road tests: the weave and wobble (or shimmy) mode. The modelling results are compared with experimental data collected by riding a racing bicycle downhill at high speeds with hands on the handlebar. The model predicts with surprising accuracy the amplitudes and frequencies of the oscillations, the longitudinal velocity at which they occur, as well as the substantial independence of wobble frequency and amplitude from the forward speed. The lateral acceleration of the upper tube of the frame near the steering axis reaches 5–10 g, both in the model and in the data. The analysis shows that wobble onset and amplitude is particularly sensitive to changes in the torsional stiffness of the frame and strongly depends on tyre lateral force and aligning torque at the wheel–road contact point. It also allows to quantify the additional viscous rotary damping that should be added to the steering assembly to prevent wobble.
bicycle; bifurcation analysis; experimental data; nonlinear model; Shimmy; wobble; Automotive Engineering; Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality; Mechanical Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1071632
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