This work provides a comprehensive investigation of the anisotropic mechanical and electrical properties of elastomeric nanocomposites based on natural rubber and sp2carbon allotropes. They can be either nanometric and with high shape anisotropy like Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) and lamellar nanographite, or nanostructured and nearly isometric like carbon black. Studies were performed on calendered and compression molded plates. A complete mechanical characterization along all main directions could be performed by a non-standard testing approach. Composites with nanometric, high aspect ratio fillers gave rise to remarkable mechanical anisotropy, revealing an orthotropic and transversally isotropic response: modulus values were very similar in the sheet plane and much larger (almost twice as much) in the orthogonal direction. The electrical anisotropy achieved its maximum at lower CNT content. Composites with carbon black did not reveal mechanical anisotropy, while, quite strikingly, a very large electrical anisotropy was observed for carbon black content close to the percolation threshold. These results provide insights into the anisotropic behavior of nanofilled elastomers, and could pave the way to their exploitation in advanced engineering design and biomimicking biomedical applications.

Anisotropic properties of elastomeric nanocomposites based on natural rubber and sp2carbon allotropes

Serafini, A.;Barbera, V.;Galimberti, M.
2018

Abstract

This work provides a comprehensive investigation of the anisotropic mechanical and electrical properties of elastomeric nanocomposites based on natural rubber and sp2carbon allotropes. They can be either nanometric and with high shape anisotropy like Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) and lamellar nanographite, or nanostructured and nearly isometric like carbon black. Studies were performed on calendered and compression molded plates. A complete mechanical characterization along all main directions could be performed by a non-standard testing approach. Composites with nanometric, high aspect ratio fillers gave rise to remarkable mechanical anisotropy, revealing an orthotropic and transversally isotropic response: modulus values were very similar in the sheet plane and much larger (almost twice as much) in the orthogonal direction. The electrical anisotropy achieved its maximum at lower CNT content. Composites with carbon black did not reveal mechanical anisotropy, while, quite strikingly, a very large electrical anisotropy was observed for carbon black content close to the percolation threshold. These results provide insights into the anisotropic behavior of nanofilled elastomers, and could pave the way to their exploitation in advanced engineering design and biomimicking biomedical applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1062421
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