This study illustrates the aerodynamic and mechatronic design of a 1/75 scaled model of the DTU 10 MW wind turbine to perform wind tunnel tests in floating offshore configuration. Due to the strong discrepancy of the Reynolds number between full and model scale (up to 150), a dedicated low-Reynolds airfoil (SD7032) was chosen for the aerodynamic design of the blades, and the final shape was defined based on a dedicated optimisation algorithm which had as target the matching of the scaled thrust force and the first flap-wise bending frequency, as it is thoroughly explained in the study. Furthermore, the mechatronic design is reported in terms of the design choices adopted to get the best target-oriented functionalities to the model (i.e. individual pitch control, bandwidth) and to reduce as much as possible the weights, greatly affecting the aero-elastic scaling. The results gathered during experimental campaigns at Politecnico di Milano wind tunnel, are reported confirming the validity of the design and manufacturing choices.

Scale model technology for floating offshore wind turbines

Bayati, Ilmas;Belloli, Marco;Bernini, Luca;Giberti, Hermes;Zasso, Alberto
2017-01-01

Abstract

This study illustrates the aerodynamic and mechatronic design of a 1/75 scaled model of the DTU 10 MW wind turbine to perform wind tunnel tests in floating offshore configuration. Due to the strong discrepancy of the Reynolds number between full and model scale (up to 150), a dedicated low-Reynolds airfoil (SD7032) was chosen for the aerodynamic design of the blades, and the final shape was defined based on a dedicated optimisation algorithm which had as target the matching of the scaled thrust force and the first flap-wise bending frequency, as it is thoroughly explained in the study. Furthermore, the mechatronic design is reported in terms of the design choices adopted to get the best target-oriented functionalities to the model (i.e. individual pitch control, bandwidth) and to reduce as much as possible the weights, greatly affecting the aero-elastic scaling. The results gathered during experimental campaigns at Politecnico di Milano wind tunnel, are reported confirming the validity of the design and manufacturing choices.
2017
offshore installations; wind turbines; blades; aerodynamics; design engineering; mechatronics; wind tunnels; optimisation; elasticity; scale model technology; floating offshore wind turbines; blade aerodynamic design; mechatronic design; DTU wind turbine; wind tunnel tests; Reynolds number; low-Reynolds airfoil; optimisation algorithm; scaled thrust force; first flap-wise bending frequency; aero-elastic scaling; Politecnico di Milano wind tunnel; power 10 MW; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1046654
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