sp2 carbon allotropes are efficient reinforcing fillers for polymer melt and elastomers: carbon black (CB) has been used since early 1900’s and nanofillers such as carbon nanotubes (CNT), graphene and graphene related materials (GRM) have increased their importance over the last decades. Nanofillers can definitely establish larger interfacial area with the polymer matrix than CB and great impact on material properties is thus expected. However, it is widely acknowledged that they will not be able to completely replace CB. Hence, increasing research efforts are on hybrid systems based on CB-CNT and CB-GRM [1]. Research objective is to identify common features and behaviour of nano (CNT, GRM) and nanostructured (CB) sp2 carbon allotropes. In this work, initial modulus was determined by means of dynamic-mechanical shear measurements of composites based on either poly(1,4-cis-isoprene) or poly(styrene-co-butadiene) as the rubber and either CB or CNT or GRM or hybrid systems as the reinforcing fillers. Filler-polymer interfacial area (i.a.), calculated as the product of filler surface area, density and volume fraction, was used to establish a common correlation with the composite initial modulus. A sort of master curve was derived, able to fit all the points up to interfacial area of about 27 μm-1, corresponding to remarkable filler content. Much better efficiency was shown by carbon fillers, when composites were prepared through latex blending. To allow easy dispersion in rubber latex, sp2 carbon allotropes were functionalized with a serinol derivative: 2-(2,5-dimethyl- 1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-1,3-propanediol (serinol pyrrole, SP) [2, 3], shown in Figure 1.

Master curves for the mechanical reinforcement of diene elastomers with sp2 carbon allotropes

G. Infortuna;A. Bernardi;S. Guerra;V. Barbera;M. Galimberti
2017

Abstract

sp2 carbon allotropes are efficient reinforcing fillers for polymer melt and elastomers: carbon black (CB) has been used since early 1900’s and nanofillers such as carbon nanotubes (CNT), graphene and graphene related materials (GRM) have increased their importance over the last decades. Nanofillers can definitely establish larger interfacial area with the polymer matrix than CB and great impact on material properties is thus expected. However, it is widely acknowledged that they will not be able to completely replace CB. Hence, increasing research efforts are on hybrid systems based on CB-CNT and CB-GRM [1]. Research objective is to identify common features and behaviour of nano (CNT, GRM) and nanostructured (CB) sp2 carbon allotropes. In this work, initial modulus was determined by means of dynamic-mechanical shear measurements of composites based on either poly(1,4-cis-isoprene) or poly(styrene-co-butadiene) as the rubber and either CB or CNT or GRM or hybrid systems as the reinforcing fillers. Filler-polymer interfacial area (i.a.), calculated as the product of filler surface area, density and volume fraction, was used to establish a common correlation with the composite initial modulus. A sort of master curve was derived, able to fit all the points up to interfacial area of about 27 μm-1, corresponding to remarkable filler content. Much better efficiency was shown by carbon fillers, when composites were prepared through latex blending. To allow easy dispersion in rubber latex, sp2 carbon allotropes were functionalized with a serinol derivative: 2-(2,5-dimethyl- 1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-1,3-propanediol (serinol pyrrole, SP) [2, 3], shown in Figure 1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1035929
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