With computing systems becoming ubiquitous, numerous data sets of extremely large size are becoming available for analysis. Often the data collected have complex, graph based structures, which makes them difficult to process with traditional tools. Moreover, the irregularities in the data sets, and in the analysis algorithms, hamper the scaling of performance in large distributed highperformance systems, optimized for locality exploitation and regular data structures. In this paper we present an approach to system design that enable efficient execution of applications with irregular memory patterns on a distribute, many-core architecture, based on off-the-shelf cores. We introduce a set of hardware and software components, which provide a distributed global address space, fine-grained synchronization and transparently hide the latencies of remote accesses with multithreading. An FPGA prototype has been implemented to explore the design with a set of typical irregular kernels. We finally present an analytical model that highlights the benefits of the approach and help identifying the bottlenecks in the prototypes. The experimental evaluation on graph based applications demonstrates the scalability of the architecture for different configurations of the whole system.
|Titolo:||Exploring efficient hardware support for applications with irregular memory patterns on multinode manycore architectures|
|Autori interni:||CERIANI, MARCO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Rivista:||IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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