Pulsed Laser Deposition allows to obtain W and W-Ta alloy coatings with different nanostructures, monitored by X-ray diffraction. The correlation between such structures and the elastic properties is investigated for amorphous-like, ultra-nano- and nano-crystalline coatings obtained by tuning the gas pressure during deposition, annealing temperature and Ta concentration. The full elastic characterization is achieved by surface Brillouin spectroscopy, interpreted by isotropic and anisotropic film models. Amorphous like coatings are obtained with He pressures of tens of Pa. In comparison with bulk W, they have lower stiffness, by about 60%, closely correlated to the mass density (lower by about 40%). In the nanocrystalline regime the stiffness is more correlated to the average grain size, approaching the bulk values for increasing crystallite size. Vacuum annealing of amorphous like coatings leads to the nucleation of ultra-nano crystalline seeds, embedded in an amorphous matrix with intermediate values for mass density and stiffness. Here, the stiffness results from an interplay between the crystal size and the density. Alloying with Ta leads to properties which are consistent with the lever rule in the nanocrystalline regime, and deviate from it when the higher Ta concentration, interfering with crystal growth, induces an ultra-nano crystalline structure.

Amorphous, ultra-nano- and nano-crystalline tungsten-based coatings grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition: mechanical characterization by Surface Brillouin Spectroscopy

BESOZZI, EDOARDO;DELLASEGA, DAVID;PEZZOLI, ANDREA;PASSONI, MATTEO;BEGHI, MARCO
2016

Abstract

Pulsed Laser Deposition allows to obtain W and W-Ta alloy coatings with different nanostructures, monitored by X-ray diffraction. The correlation between such structures and the elastic properties is investigated for amorphous-like, ultra-nano- and nano-crystalline coatings obtained by tuning the gas pressure during deposition, annealing temperature and Ta concentration. The full elastic characterization is achieved by surface Brillouin spectroscopy, interpreted by isotropic and anisotropic film models. Amorphous like coatings are obtained with He pressures of tens of Pa. In comparison with bulk W, they have lower stiffness, by about 60%, closely correlated to the mass density (lower by about 40%). In the nanocrystalline regime the stiffness is more correlated to the average grain size, approaching the bulk values for increasing crystallite size. Vacuum annealing of amorphous like coatings leads to the nucleation of ultra-nano crystalline seeds, embedded in an amorphous matrix with intermediate values for mass density and stiffness. Here, the stiffness results from an interplay between the crystal size and the density. Alloying with Ta leads to properties which are consistent with the lever rule in the nanocrystalline regime, and deviate from it when the higher Ta concentration, interfering with crystal growth, induces an ultra-nano crystalline structure.
Brillouin spectroscopy; Mechanical Properties; Pulsed Laser Deposition; Tungsten - Tantalum; Tungsten coatings; XRD; Mechanical Engineering; Mechanics of Materials; Materials Science (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/999858
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