The availability of accurate trajectory information is paramount for the processing and exploitation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data. Considering the particular case of spaceborne SARs designed for repeat-pass interferometric applications, errors in the trajectory translate into phase artifacts that affect the interferometric performance. In this paper, we propose a model-based procedure to calibrate the trajectories of spaceborne SAR systems by the multisquint (MS) phase. The technique allows to estimate the along and the derivative of across track geometric errors. The geometric model of the InSAR phase is derived as a function of positioning errors and the MS phase model as derivative of the InSAR phase geometric model, with respect to the squint angle. We perform a sensitivity analysis of the model in order to define which geometric errors can be estimated by the MS phase, justifying the assumption that the MS phase is very poorly affected by the atmospheric phase screen. We particularly concentrate on the TOPSAR acquisition mode, where the phase is very sensitive to geometric errors. We start from the classical two-image case and then consider the extension to the multibaseline case. Experimental results obtained by processing of interferometric pairs acquired by the Sentinel-1A sensor are reported.
|Titolo:||On the Phase Calibration by Multisquint Analysis in TOPSAR and Stripmap Interferometry|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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