The development of dedicated numerical codes has recently pushed forward the study of N-body gravitational dynamics, leading to a better and wider understanding of processes involving the formation of natural bodies in the Solar System. A major branch includes the study of asteroid formation: evidence from recent studies and observations support the idea that small and medium size asteroids between 100 m and 100 km may be gravitational aggregates with no cohesive force other than gravity. This evidence implies that asteroid formation depends on gravitational interactions between different boulders and that asteroid aggregation processes can be naturally modeled with N-body numerical codes implementing gravitational interactions. This work presents a new implementation of an N-body numerical solver. The code is based on Chrono::Engine (2006). It handles the contact and collision of large numbers of complex-shaped objects, while simultaneously evaluating the effect of N to N gravitational interactions. A special case of study is considered, investigating the relative dynamics between the N bodies and highlighting favorable conditions for the formation of a stable gravitationally bound aggregate from a cloud of N boulders. The code is successfully validated for the case of study by comparing relevant results obtained for typical known dynamical scenarios. The outcome of the numerical simulations shows good agreement with theory and observation, and suggests the ability of the developed code to predict natural aggregation phenomena.

N-body gravitational and contact dynamics for asteroid aggregation

FERRARI, FABIO;MASARATI, PIERANGELO;LAVAGNA, MICHÈLE
2017

Abstract

The development of dedicated numerical codes has recently pushed forward the study of N-body gravitational dynamics, leading to a better and wider understanding of processes involving the formation of natural bodies in the Solar System. A major branch includes the study of asteroid formation: evidence from recent studies and observations support the idea that small and medium size asteroids between 100 m and 100 km may be gravitational aggregates with no cohesive force other than gravity. This evidence implies that asteroid formation depends on gravitational interactions between different boulders and that asteroid aggregation processes can be naturally modeled with N-body numerical codes implementing gravitational interactions. This work presents a new implementation of an N-body numerical solver. The code is based on Chrono::Engine (2006). It handles the contact and collision of large numbers of complex-shaped objects, while simultaneously evaluating the effect of N to N gravitational interactions. A special case of study is considered, investigating the relative dynamics between the N bodies and highlighting favorable conditions for the formation of a stable gravitationally bound aggregate from a cloud of N boulders. The code is successfully validated for the case of study by comparing relevant results obtained for typical known dynamical scenarios. The outcome of the numerical simulations shows good agreement with theory and observation, and suggests the ability of the developed code to predict natural aggregation phenomena.
N-body problem; Asteroid aggregation; Contact dynamics; Rigid body; Non-spherical shape
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/999086
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