In durability analysis and life-cycle assessment of concrete structures transport of chlorides and other aggressive agents is generally described by using Fick’s laws of diffusion. This model is frequently applied in a simplified one-dimensional (1D) form. However, in practical applications the diffusion process is more properly described by two- or three-dimensional patterns of concentration gradients. In this paper, the accuracy of the 1D modelling of diffusion and its impact on the life-cycle assessment of concrete structures under corrosion is evaluated in deterministic and probabilistic terms with respect to more accurate twodimensional (2D) formulations. The influence of the diffusion modelling on the time-variant corrosion damage of concrete cross-sections is studied with reference to the local damage of the reinforcing steel bars and the global deterioration of bending moment–curvature capacity curves. The results show that 2D diffusion models may be necessary for a realistic life-cycle assessment of concrete structures under corrosion, since 1D models can lead to significant inaccuracies depending on the geometrical aspect ratio of the cross-section, location of reinforcing steel bars and exposure conditions.
|Titolo:||On the accuracy of diffusion models for life-cycle assessment of concrete structures|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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|2016_SIE.pdf||2016_SIE||Publisher’s version||Accesso riservato|